BUREAU
OF COUNTERTERRORISM

Foreign
Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) are foreign organizations that are designated by
the Secretary of State in accordance with section 219 of the Immigration and
Nationality Act (INA), as amended. FTO designations play a critical role in our
fight against terrorism and are an effective means of curtailing support for
terrorist activities and pressuring groups to get out of the terrorism
business.















































































Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations

Date Designated

Name

10/8/1997

Abu
Sayyaf Group (ASG)

10/8/1997

Aum
Shinrikyo (AUM)

10/8/1997

Basque
Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)

10/8/1997

Gama’a
al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group) (IG)

10/8/1997

HAMAS

10/8/1997

Harakat
ul-Mujahidin (HUM)

10/8/1997

Hizballah

10/8/1997

Kahane
Chai (Kach)

10/8/1997

Kurdistan
Workers Party (PKK) (Kongra-Gel)

10/8/1997

Liberation
Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

10/8/1997

National
Liberation Army (ELN)

10/8/1997

Palestine
Liberation Front (PLF)

10/8/1997

Palestinian
Islamic Jihad (PIJ)

10/8/1997

Popular
Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLF)

10/8/1997

PFLP-General
Command (PFLP-GC)

10/8/1997

Revolutionary
Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

10/8/1997

Revolutionary
People’s Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C)

10/8/1997

Shining
Path (SL)

10/8/1999

al-Qa’ida
(AQ)

9/25/2000

Islamic
Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)

5/16/2001

Real
Irish Republican Army (RIRA)

12/26/2001

Jaish-e-Mohammed
(JEM)

12/26/2001

Lashkar-e
Tayyiba (LeT)

3/27/2002

Al-Aqsa
Martyrs Brigade (AAMB)

3/27/2002

Asbat
al-Ansar (AAA)

3/27/2002

al-Qaida
in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)

8/9/2002

Communist
Party of the Philippines/New People’s Army (CPP/NPA)

10/23/2002

Jemaah
Islamiya (JI)

1/30/2003

Lashkar
i Jhangvi (LJ)

3/22/2004

Ansar
al-Islam (AAI)

7/13/2004

Continuity
Irish Republican Army (CIRA)

12/17/2004

Islamic
State of Iraq and the Levant (formerly al-Qa’ida in Iraq)

6/17/2005

Islamic
Jihad Union (IJU)

3/5/2008

Harakat
ul-Jihad-i-Islami/Bangladesh (HUJI-B)

3/18/2008

al-Shabaab

5/18/2009

Revolutionary
Struggle (RS)

7/2/2009

Kata’ib
Hizballah (KH)

1/19/2010

al-Qa’ida
in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP)

8/6/2010

Harakat
ul-Jihad-i-Islami (HUJI)

9/1/2010

Tehrik-e
Taliban Pakistan (TTP)

11/4/2010

Jundallah

5/23/2011

Army
of Islam (AOI)

9/19/2011

Indian
Mujahedeen (IM)

3/13/2012

Jemaah
Anshorut Tauhid (JAT)

5/30/2012

Abdallah
Azzam Brigades (AAB)

9/19/2012

Haqqani
Network (HQN)

3/22/2013

Ansar
al-Dine (AAD)

11/14/2013

Boko
Haram

11/14/2013

Ansaru

12/19/2013

al-Mulathamun Battalion

1/13/2014

Ansar al-Shari’a in Benghazi

1/13/2014

Ansar al-Shari’a in Darnah

1/13/2014

Ansar al-Shari’a in Tunisia

4/10/2014

ISIL
Sinai Province (formally Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis)

5/15/2014

al-Nusrah
Front

8/20/2014

Mujahidin
Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC)

9/30/2015

Jaysh
Rijal al-Tariq al Naqshabandi (JRTN)

1/14/2016

ISIL-Khorasan
(ISIL-K)

5/20/2016

Islamic
State of Iraq and the Levant’s Branch in Libya (ISIL-Libya)

6/30/2016

Al-Qa’ida
in the Indian Subcontinent

Delisted Foreign Terrorist
Organizations

Date Removed

Name

Date Orginally Designated

10/8/1999

Democratic
Front for the Liberation of Palestine -Hawatmeh Faction

10/8/1997

10/8/1999

Khmer
Rouge

10/8/1997

10/8/1999

Manuel
Rodriguez Patriotic Front Dissidents

10/8/1997

10/8/2001

Japanese
Red Army

10/8/1997

10/8/2001

Tupac
Amaru Revolution Movement

10/8/1997

5/18/2009

Revolutionary
Nuclei

10/8/1997

10/15/2010

Armed
Islamic Group (GIA)

10/8/1997

9/28/2012

Mujahedin-e
Khalq Organization (MEK)

10/8/1997

5/28/2013

Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM)

10/11/2005

7/15/2014

United
Self Defense Forces of Colombia

9/10/2001

9/3/2015

Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N)

10/8/1997

12/9/2015

Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG)

12/17/2004

6/1/2017

Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)

10/8/1997

Identification

The Bureau of Counterterrorism in the State Department (CT) continually
monitors the activities of terrorist groups active around the world to identify
potential targets for designation. When reviewing potential targets, CT looks
not only at the actual terrorist attacks that a group has carried out, but also
at whether the group has engaged in planning and preparations for possible
future acts of terrorism or retains the capability and intent to carry out such
acts.

Designation

Once a target is identified, CT prepares a detailed “administrative
record,” which is a compilation of information, typically including both
classified and open sources information, demonstrating that the statutory
criteria for designation have been satisfied. If the Secretary of State, in
consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury,
decides to make the designation, Congress is notified of the Secretary’s intent
to designate the organization and given seven days to review the designation,
as the INA requires. Upon the expiration of the seven-day waiting period and in
the absence of Congressional action to block the designation, notice of the
designation is published in the Federal
Register
, at which point the designation takes effect. By law an
organization designated as an FTO may seek judicial review of the designation
in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit not
later than 30 days after the designation is published in the Federal Register.

Until
recently the INA provided that FTOs must be redesignated every 2 years or the
designation would lapse. Under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention
Act of 2004 (IRTPA), however, the redesignation requirement was replaced by
certain review and revocation procedures. IRTPA provides that an FTO may file a
petition for revocation 2 years after its designation date (or in the case of
redesignated FTOs, its most recent redesignation date) or 2 years after the
determination date on its most recent petition for revocation. In order to
provide a basis for revocation, the petitioning FTO must provide evidence that
the circumstances forming the basis for the designation are sufficiently
different as to warrant revocation. If no such review has been conducted during
a 5 year period with respect to a designation, then the Secretary of State is
required to review the designation to determine whether revocation would be
appropriate. In addition, the Secretary of State may at any time revoke a
designation upon a finding that the circumstances forming the basis for the
designation have changed in such a manner as to warrant revocation, or that the
national security of the United States warrants a revocation. The same
procedural requirements apply to revocations made by the Secretary of State as
apply to designations. A designation may be revoked by an Act of Congress, or
set aside by a Court order.

Legal Criteria for Designation under Section 219 of
the INA as amended

  1. It must be a foreign organization.
  2. The
    organization must engage
    in terrorist activity
    , as defined in section 212 (a)(3)(B) of
    the INA (8 U.S.C. § 1182(a)(3)(B)),* or terrorism, as
    defined in section 140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act,
    Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (22 U.S.C. § 2656f(d)(2)),** or retain the capability and
    intent to engage in terrorist activity or terrorism
    .
  3. The
    organization’s terrorist activity or terrorism must threaten the security
    of U.S. nationals or the
    national security (national defense, foreign relations, or the
    economic interests) of the United States.

Legal Ramifications of Designation

  1. It is
    unlawful for a person in the United States or subject to the jurisdiction
    of the United States to knowingly provide “material support or
    resources” to a designated FTO. (The term “material support or
    resources” is defined in 18 U.S.C. § 2339A(b)(1) as ” any
    property, tangible or intangible, or service, including currency or
    monetary instruments or financial securities, financial services, lodging,
    training, expert advice or assistance, safehouses, false documentation or
    identification, communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal
    substances, explosives, personnel (1 or more individuals who maybe or
    include oneself), and transportation, except medicine or religious
    materials.” 18 U.S.C. § 2339A(b)(2) provides that for these purposes “the
    term ‘training’ means instruction or teaching designed to impart a
    specific skill, as opposed to general knowledge.” 18 U.S.C. § 2339A(b)(3)
    further provides that for these purposes the term ‘expert advice or
    assistance’ means advice or assistance derived from scientific, technical
    or other specialized knowledge.’’
  2. Representatives
    and members of a designated FTO, if they are aliens, are inadmissible to
    and, in certain circumstances, removable from the United States (see 8
    U.S.C. §§ 1182 (a)(3)(B)(i)(IV)-(V), 1227 (a)(1)(A)).
  3. Any U.S.
    financial institution that becomes aware that it has possession of or
    control over funds in which a designated FTO or its agent has an interest
    must retain possession of or control over the funds and report the funds
    to the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Other Effects of Designation

  1. Supports our
    efforts to curb terrorism financing and to encourage other nations to do
    the same.
  2. Stigmatizes
    and isolates designated terrorist organizations internationally.
  3. Deters
    donations or contributions to and economic transactions with named
    organizations.
  4. Heightens
    public awareness and knowledge of terrorist organizations.
  5. Signals to
    other governments our concern about named organizations.

Revocations of Foreign Terrorist Organizations

The
Immigration and Nationality Act sets out three possible basis for revoking a
Foreign Terrorist Organization designation:

  1. The
    Secretary of State must revoke a designation if the Secretary finds that
    the circumstances that were the basis of the designation have changed in
    such a manner as to warrant a revocation;
  2. The
    Secretary of State must revoke a designation if the Secretary finds that
    the national security of the United States warrants a revocation;
  3. The
    Secretary of State may revoke a designation at any time.






























Any
revocation shall take effect on the date specified in the revocation or upon
publication in the Federal Register if no effective date is specified. The
revocation of a designation shall not affect any action or proceeding based on
conduct committed prior to the effective date of such revocation.

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