Synopsis prepared for the International Committee of
the Red Cross Symposium:


By David Guyatt

Background – 1940 through 1995

The background to the development of anti-personnel
electromagnetic weapons can be traced by to the early-middle 1940’s and
possibly earlier.  The earliest extant reference, to my knowledge, was
contained in the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific Survey, Military
Analysis Division, Volume 63) which reviewed Japanese research and development
efforts on a “Death Ray”.

 Whilst not reaching the stage of practical
application, research was considered to be sufficiently promising to warrant
the expenditure of Yen 2 million during the years 1940-1945.  Summarizing
the Japanese efforts allied scientists concluded that a ray apparatus might be
developed that could kill unshielded human beings at a distance of 5 to 10
miles.  Studies demonstrated that, for example, automobile engines could
be stopped by tuned waves as early as 1943.[1]
It is, therefore, reasonable to suppose that this technique has been available
for a great many years?   Research on living organisms ( mice and
ground hogs) revealed that waves from 2 meters to 60 centimeters in length
caused hemorrhage of lungs, whereas waves shorter than two meters destroyed
brain cells.

However, experiments in behaviour modification and
mind manipulation have a grisly past.  Nazi doctors at the Dachau
concentration camp conducted involuntary experiments with hypnosis and
narco-hypnosis – using the drug mescaline – on inmates.  Additional
research was conducted at Aushwitz, using a range of chemicals including
various barbiturates and morphine derivatives.  Many of these experiments
proved fatal.  Following the conclusion of the war the U.S. Naval
Technical Mission was tasked with obtaining pertinent industrial and scientific
material that had been produced by the Third Reich and which may be of benefit
to U.S. interests.  Following a lengthy report the Navy instigated Project
CHATTER in 1947.  Many of the Nazi scientists and medical doctors who
conducted these and other hideous experiments were later recruited by the U.S.
Army and worked out of Heidelberg prior to being secretly relocated to the
United States under the Project PAPERCLIP programme.  Under the leadership
of Dr. Hubertus Strughold, 34 ex Nazi scientists accepted “Paperclip”
contracts, authorised by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and were put to work at
Randolph Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas.  By 1953 the CIA, US Navy and
the US Army Chemical Corps were conducting their own narco-hypnosis programmes
on unwilling victims that included prisoners, mental patients, foreigners,
ethic minorities and those classified as sexual deviants.[2]

It was not until the middle or late 1970’s that the
American public became aware of a series of hitherto secret programmes that had
been conducted over the preceding two decades by the military and intelligence
community.[3] Primarily focusing on narco-hypnosis these covert
programmes were extensive and were assigned project titles: MKULTRA, MKDELTA,
MKNAOMI, MKSEARCH (MK being understood to stand for Mind Kontrol), BLUEBIRD,
ARTICHOKE and CHATTER.   The principal aim of these  and
associated programmes was the development of a reliable “programmable”
assassin.  Secondary aims were the development of a method of citizen
control.[4]  Particularly relevant was Dr. Jose Delgado’s
secret work directed towards the creation of a “psycho-civilised” society by use
of a “stimoceiver.”[5]  
Delgado’s work was seminal and his experiments on human and animals
demonstrated that electronic stimulation can excite extreme emotions including
rage, lust, fatigue etc.  In his paper “Intracerebral Radio Stimulation
and recording in Completely Free Patients” , Delgado observed that: “Radio
Stimulation on different points in the amygdala and hippocampus in the four
patients produced a variety of effect, including pleasant sensations, elation,
deep thoughtful concentration, odd feelings, super relaxation (an essential precursor for deep
hypnosis [6]
) coloured visions, and other
responses.”  With regard to the “coloured visions” citation, it is
reasonable to conclude he was referring to hallucinations – an effect that a
number of so called “victims” allude to.[7] 
As far back as 1969, Delgado predicted the day would soon arrive when a
computer would be able to establish two-way radio communication with the brain,
an event that first occurred in 1974.  Lawrence Pinneo, a
neurophysiologist and electronic engineer working for Stanford Research
Institute (a leading military contractor), “developed a computer system capable
of reading a person’s mind.  It correlated brain waves on an
electroencephalograph with specific commands.  Twenty years ago the
computer responded with a dot on a TV screen.  Nowadays it could be the
input to a stimulator (ESB) in advanced stages using radio frequencies” [8] 

In the event, narco-hypnosis was found, it is
claimed, to be less than reliable, although some writers and observers dispute
this.[9]  Additional studies conducted by Dr. Ewen
Cameron, and funded by the CIA, were directed towards erasing memory and
imposing new personalities on unwilling patients.  Cameron discovered that
electroshock treatment caused amnesia.  He set about a programme that he
called “de-patterning” which had the effect of erasing the memory of selected
patients.  Further work revealed that subjects could be transformed into a
virtual blank machine (Tabula Rasa) and then be re-programmed with a technique
which he termed “psychic driving”.  Such was the bitter public outrage,
once his work was revealed (as a result of FOIA searches) that Cameron was
forced to retire in disgrace.

 Of interest too is Dr. John C. Lilly[10] who was asked by the Director of the National
Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to brief the CIA, FBI, NSA and other military
intelligence services on his work using electrodes to stimulate, directly, the
pleasure and pain centres of the brain.  According to Lilly he
refused.  However, as revealed in his book he continued to do “useful”
work for the national security apparatus.  However, in terms of timing
this is interesting for these events took place in 1953.  Another scientists,
Eldon Byrd, who worked for Naval Surface Weapons Office was commissioned in
1981 to develop electromagnetic devices for purposes including “riot control”,
clandestine operations and hostage removal.[11]  From 1965 through to 1970, Defense Advanced
Projects Research Agency (DARPA), with up to 70-80% funding provided by the
military, set in motion operation PANDORA to study the health and psychological
effects of low intensity microwaves with regard to the so called “Moscow
signal”.  This project appears to have been quite extensive and included
(under US Navy funding) studies demonstrating how to: induce heart seizures,
create leaks in the blood brain barrier and production of auditory
hallucinations. Despite attempts to render the Pandora programme invisible to
scrutiny, FOIA filings revealed memoranda of Richard Cesaro, Director, DARPA,
which confirmed that the programme’s initial goal was to “discover whether a
carefully controlled microwave signal could control the mind.”  Cesaro
urged that these studies be made “for potential weapons applications.”[12]

 Following immense public outcry, Congress
forbade further research and demanded that these projects be terminated across
the board, but as Victor Marchetti, a former CIA agent later revealed, the
programmes merely became more covert with a high element of “deniability” built
in to them., and that CIA claims to the contrary are a “cover story”[13] Despite the fact that many of the aforementioned
projects revolved around the use of narcotics and hallucogenics, projects ARTICHOKE,
PANDORA and CHATTER clearly demonstrate that “psychoelectronics” were a high
priority.  Indeed the author John Marks; anonymous informant (known
humorously as “Deep Trance”) stated that beginning in 1963 mind control
research strongly emphasised electronics. 

 An obscure District of Columbia corporation
called Mankind Research Unlimited (MRU) and its wholly owned subsidiary,
Systems Consultants Inc. (SCI) operated a number of classified intelligence,
government and Pentagon contracts, specialising in, amongst other things:
“problem solving in the areas of intelligence electronic warfare, sensor
technology and applications.” [14]  MRU’s “capability and experience” is divided
into four fields.  These include “biophysics – Biological Effects of
Magnetic Fields”, “Research in Magneto-fluid Dynamics”, “Planetary
Electro-Hydro-Dynamics” and “Geo-pathic Efforts on Living Organisms”.  The
latter focuses on the induction of illness by altering the magnetic nature of
the geography.  Also under research were “Biocybernetics, Psychodynamic
Experiments in Telepathy”, “Errors in Human Perception” , “Biologically
Generated Fields” “Metapsychiatry and the Ultraconscious Mind” (believed to
refer to experiments in telepathic mind control), “Behavioural Neuropsychiatry”
“Analysis and Measurement of Human Subjective States” and “Human Unconscious
Behavioural Patterns”.   Employing some old OSS, CIA and military
intelligence officers, the company also engages the services of prominent
physicians and psychologists including E. Stanton Maxey, Stanley R. Dean
Berthold Eric Schwarz plus many more.  MRU lists in its Company
Capabilities “brain and mind control.”[15]  Despite vehement claims by MRU’s chairman that
it is not a “front organisation for any branch of the United States
Government…”[16] one must treat these claims with a great deal of

 There followed an extensive hiatus in available
information during the 1980’s and up to the present day.  This initially
appears to have closely paralleled Ronald Reagan’s Presidency and not
surprisingly flowed onwards during President Bush’s term of office[17].  As a result the once user-friendly Freedom of
Information Act became less accessible and more bureaucratic.  Search
costs soared and material that had been (or scheduled to be) de-classified was
reviewed and re-classified.  This phenomenon is not an unusual occurrence
in the United States, and tends to shadow the outward face of Congress. 
Public outrage leads to a temporary liberalisation, but as public memory
recedes (all too quickly) the old institutionalised covert ways quickly
re-engage.  We thus move to more recent times.

 During 1989 CNN aired a programme on
electromagnetic weapons and showed a US government document that outlined a
contingency plan to use EM weapons against “terrorists”.  Prior to the
show a DoD medical engineer sourced a story claiming that in the context of
conditioning, microwaves and other modalities had regularly been used against
Palestinians.  During 1993 Defense News, the prestigious US weekly
announced that Russian government was discussing with American counterparts the
transfer of technical information and equipment known as “Acoustic
Psycho-correction”.  The Russians claimed that this device involves “the
transmission of specific commands via static or white noise bands into the
human subconscious without upsetting other intellectual functions.” 
Experts said that demonstrations of this equipment have shown “encouraging”
results “after exposure of less than one minute,” and  has produced “the
ability to alter behaviour on willing and unwilling subjects.”  The
article goes on to explain that combined “software and hardware associated with
the (sic) psycho-correction programme could be procured for as little as
US$80,000.  The Russians went on to observe that “World opinion is not
ready for dealing appropriately with the problems coming from the possibility
of direct access to the human mind.”  Acoustic psycho-correction dates
back to the mid 1970’s and can be used to “suppress riots, control dissidents,
demoralise or disable opposing forces and enhance the performance of friendly
special operations teams.[18]”  One US concern in relation to this device,
was aired by Janet Morris of the Global Strategy Council, a Washington based
think tank established by former CIA deputy director, Ray Cline, who noted that
“Ground troops risk exposure to bone-conducting sound that cannot be offset by
earplugs or other protective gear.”  In recent months I met with and
discussed Russian research efforts, with a contact who had visited Russia earlier
this year.  He, in turn, met with a number of Russian scientists who are
knowledgeable in this field.  I have few doubts that the Defense News
article cited earlier is fundamentally accurate.

 Dr. Ross Adey, in his pioneering work
determined that that emotional states and behaviour can be remotely influenced
merely by placing a subject in an electromagnetic field.  By directing a
carrier frequency to stimulate the brain and using amplitude modulation to
shape the wave to mimic a desired EEG frequency he was able to impose a 4.5 CPS
theta rhythm on his subjects.  Drs Joseph Sharp and Allen Frey
experimented with microwaves seeking to transmit spoken words directly into the
audio cortex via a pulsed-microwave analog of the speaker’s sound vibration. 
Indeed, Frey’s work in this field, dating back to 1960 gave rise to the so
called “Frey effect” which is now more commonly referred to as “microwave
hearing.”[19]  Within the Pentagon this ability is now known
as “Artificial Telepathy”.[20]  Adey and others have compiled an entire
library of frequencies and pulsation rates which can effect the mind and
nervous system[21]

 During the siege of Waco, Texas, last year, FBI
agents discussed with Russian counterparts the use of Acoustic psycho-correction
on David Koresh and the Branch Davidians.  In the event it is understood
that this contingency did not proceed.  However, some unusual EM weapons
were deployed at Waco.  BBC World News, and additional FBI film-footage
(in the possession of this writer) show both the Russian equipment being
demonstrated, as well as previously unseen noise generator and an unusual low
frequency strobe array in use at Waco. 

 Have weapons of this nature been developed and
field tested?  Judged by the number of individuals and groups coming
forward with complaints of harassment the answer, appears, to be yes.  Kim
Besley, of the Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp, has compiled a fairly
extensive catalogue of effects that have resulted from low frequency signals emanating
from the US Greenham Common base, and, apparently, targeted upon the women
protesters.  These include: vertigo, retinal bleeding, burnt face (even at
night), nausea, sleep disturbances, palpitations, loss of concentration, loss
of memory, disorientation, severe headaches, temporary paralysis, faulty speech
co-ordination, irritability and a sense of panic in non-panic situations. 
Identical and similar effects have been reported elsewhere and appear to be
fairly common-place amongst so called “victims”.  Many of these symptoms
have been associated in medical literature with exposure to microwaves and
especially through low intensity or non thermal exposures.[22]  These have been reviewed by Dr. Robert Becker,
twice nominated for the Noebel Prize, and specialist in EM effects.  His
report confirms that the symptoms mirror those he would expect to see, had
Microwave weapons been deployed.

 The Scientific American dated April 1994
carried an article entitled “Bang! You’re Alive” which briefly described some
of the known arsenal of Less Than Lethal weapons presently available. 
These include Laser Rifles, low frequency “”infrasound” generators powerful enough
to trigger nausea or diarrhoea.  Steve Aftergood of the Federation of
American Scientists (FAS) noted that Non-Lethal weapons have been linked to
“mind control” devices and that three of the most prominent advocates of non
lethality share an interest in psychic phenomena[23]

 Current Projects include SLEEPING BEAUTY,
directed towards the battlefield use of mind-altering electromagnetic
weapons.  This project is headed by Jack Verona, a highly placed Defense
Intelligence Agency (DIA) officer.  Dr. Michael Persinger of Laurentian
University is also employed on the project.  Other sources have revealed a
project entitled MONARCH which, supposedly, is directed towards the deliberate
creation of severe multiple personality disorder.[24]

 It is now the opinion of many that these and
related programmes have been brought under the banner of Non Lethal Weapons,
otherwise known as Less Than Lethal, which are now promulgated in connection
with the doctrine of Low Intensity Conflict, a concept for warfare in the 21st
century.  It is clear that many of these Pentagon and related LTL programmes
operate under high classification.  Others consider many similar or
related “black” programmes are funded from the vast resources presently
available under the US counter-drug law enforcement policy which has a FY 1995
budget of $13.2 billion.[25]

 Defense Secretary, William J Perry, issued a
memorandum on Non lethal Weapons dated 21 July 1994.  This was of interest
in that it outlined a tasking priority list for use of these
technologies.  Second on the list was “crowd control”.  Coming in at
a poor fifth was “Disable or destroy weapons or weapon development/production
processes, including suspected weapons of mass destruction.”  It is
therefore clear that Non Lethality is fundamentally seen as anti-personnel
rather than anti-material.  In July this year, Spotlight, a rightist and
widely circulated US newspaper reported that well placed DoD sources have
confirmed a classified Pentagon contract for the development of “high-power
electromagnetic generators that interfere with human brain waves.”  The
article cited the memorandum of understanding dated 1994 between Attorney
General, Janet Reno, and Defense Secretary, William Perry for transfer of LTL
weapons to the law enforcement sector.  A budget of under $50 million has
been made available for funding associated “black” programmes.  Dr. Emery
Horvath, a professor of physics at Harvard University has stated in connection
to the generator that interferes with human brain waves that “These electronic
‘skull-zappers’ are designed to invade the mind and short circuit its
synapses…in the hands of government technicians, it may be used to disorient
entire crowds, or to manipulate individuals into self destructive acts. 
It’s a terrifying weapon.”[26]

 In a  1993 US Air Command and Staff
College paper entitled “Non Lethal Technology and Air Power, authors Maj.
Jonathan W. Klaaren (USAF) and Maj. Ronald S. Mitchell (USAF) outlined selected
NLT weapons.  These included “Acoustic” (pulsed/attenuated high-intensity
sound, infrasound (very low frequency) and Polysound (high volume, distracting)
as well as High-power microwaves (HPM) that possessed the capability of
“deters/incapacitates people…  These and other classified weapons are
being passed to domestic law enforcement agencies as shown by the 1995 ONDCP
(Office of National Drug Control Policy) International Technology Symposium
“Counter-Drug Law Enforcement: Applied Technology for Improved Operational
Effectiveness” that outlined the “Transition of advanced military technologies
to the civil law enforcement environment”   There are some observers
who fear that the burgeoning narcotics industry is an ideal “cover” in which to
“transit” Non Lethal Technologies to domestic political tasks.  Whether
this is merely a misplaced “Orwellian” fear remains to be seen.  However,
organised crime is so globally “organised” that experts now believe it is
impossible to eradicate or even effectively combat.[27]

 The foregoing gives some necessary background
to the origins and timing surrounding the development of anti-personnel
electromagnetic weapons, and in particular demonstrates that the USA have an
intense and long established interest in mind control and behaviour
modification that spans five decades.  As we have seen, fragmentary
information has surfaced for brief spells, only to disappear, once more, from
public scrutiny.  It remains to be said that a great many advances in the
realm of electromagnetic field technology and mind control techniques have,
apparently, been made during the sixties, seventies and eighties.  In
particular, veterans of the Vietnam war are still coming forward with bizarre
stories, which collectively (if true?) point to a leap in knowledge that
largely remains hidden behind the thick curtain of security classification.[28]

 Major Edward Dames, formerly with the
Pentagon’s Defence Intelligence Agency until 1992, was a long serving member of
the highly classified operation GRILL-FLAME, a programme that focused on some
of the more bizarre possibilities of intelligence gathering and remote
interrogation.  Known as “remote viewers” GRILL-FLAME personnel possessed
a marked psychic ability that was put to use “penetrating” designated targets
and gathering important intelligence on significant figures.  The
programme operated with two teams; one working out of the top secret NSA
facility at Fort George Meade in Maryland, and the other at SRI.  Results
are said to have been exemplary.  Following the Oliver North debacle the
Secretary of Defense officially terminated GRILL-FLAME fearing bad publicity
were the programme to  become known to the public.  The leading
members of the project – including Dames – immediately relocated to the
privately owned and newly formed Psi-Tech, and continue their work to this day,
operating under government contract.   In the course of his work,
Dames was (and remains) close to many the leading figures and proponents
Anti-Personnel Electromagnetic Weapons especially those that operate in the
neurological field.  During NBC’s “The Other Side” programme, Dames stated
that “The US Government has an electronic device which could implant thoughts
in people.”  He refused to comment further.  The programme was
broadcast during April of last year (1995). 

 This over-view is merely a “fragmentary”
glimpse of programmes that have been, and continue to be blanketed under tight
security classification.  Where information was available through FOIA
filings, a great deal of additional information (in fact the greatest bulk) was
purposely destroyed or otherwise lost.  However, this writer considers
that what is available is sufficient to draw the conclusion that ongoing
research, development and deployment of EM weapon systems that impact on the
biological functions of the body, or more importantly, interfere with the human
mind, are cause for the greatest humanitarian concern.

 In an age where the threat of global warfare has diminished
as a result of the easing of tension between east and west, it can be
anticipated that some form of introspection will occur in the developed western
nations.  Societies that have been generationally and economically honed
for warfare do not, on the whole, assume “for peace” production with such
vigour and ability. Why this is so, is not the subject of this paper. 
Unable to so readily project the “shadow” outwards on to another nation, the
enemy without soon distils to become the enemy within?[29]  In the United States[30], for example, there is a rapidly developing trend of
co-operation between the military and law enforcement agencies in LTL
weaponry.  Whilst it is clear that this is driven to some extent by
budgetary considerations, there remain legitimate concerns regarding the longer
term effect on democracy.

 The reality of an increasingly (and increasing
number of) impoverished lower class as a result of “swords to shears”
economics, is certain to result in growing civil unrest, disobedience, strife,
inner city turmoil and quite possibly much worse[31].  Rather that seeking to resolve the underlying
causes of these tensions, it is feared that governments will increasingly
resort to more durable measures to quell domestic dissent.  Western
industrial nations are especially prone to these developments for a variety of

 Less Than Lethal Anti Personnel weapons[33] are seen in some influential quarters as being the
ideal remedy for future domestic disturbances of this magnitude[34]. The danger with such possibilities is that western
democracy may begin to fail, or suffer such severe set-backs in its traditional
democratic forms that it will become increasingly repressive and oligarchic.[35] Armed with innovative technological weapons that do
not necessarily kill,[36] but which render disenfranchised segments of society
physically inactive, emotionally stupefied and incapable of meaningful thought
is a goal of those who favour a “psycho-civilised society”   This is
a frightening and all too realistic scenario.  Whether by design or by
default such an outcome is nothing short of a dictatorship.

This is the real fear for the future of some classes
of Non Lethal weapon developments and the use to which they have been, or may
be put to.

23 APRIL 1996

Following the preparation of this paper and prior to
its publication by Dr. Nick Begich in “Earthpulse Flashpoints,” a small number
of factual errors and miscellaneous comments have been received and are now
included below for the sake of accuracy.

1)       Footnote
35.  Naom Chomsky, in correspondence with this writer, advises that: “…we don’t really ‘argue that democracy
has already been replaced.’  Rather, that its functioning depends on an
authentic free press, and that it exists only in part.  That there is a
one-party state – in the sense that there are only factions of ‘the business
party’ is not our idea; C. Wright Mills, among others, going way back.”

2)       Chomsky also
refers to my caveat about the “Spotlight” article (see footnote 26) concerning
the comments ascribed to Dr. Horvath and observers that “It’s not the kind of comment that a
Harvard physicist would be likely to make
.”  It’s such an
glaring observation that I wonder why I hadn’t thought of it myself.  I
still haven’t heard back from Dr. Horvath, if indeed such a person
exists.  This citation, therefore, needs to be taken with even greater
care.  On the other hand, Dr. Steve Aftergood of the Federation of
American Scientists has now written to me advising: “Spotlight is, to my mind, a thoroughly
non-credible source (as you suggest).  Without being able to verify the
rest of the article, however, the quotation ascribed to me was accurate.”

3)       In a lengthy
telephone call, British researcher, Armen Victorian, pointed out a number of
relevant and interesting facts: A) Maj. General Stubblebine is no longer with
Psi-Tech – he was removed in a  “palace coup” engineered, Armen says, by
Major Ed. Dames and Col. John Alexander.  B) In addition to his (DoD backed)
Ad Hoc advisory role on Non Lethality for NATO, Alexander has now moved to head
up multi-millionaire, R. Bigelow’s, new Nevada based National Institute for
Discovery Science (NIDS).  Bigelow is recruiting “top draw” personnel to
study fringe science subjects including Remote Viewing, UFO’s etc. 
Jacques Vallee, the renown French born UFO researcher is also part of the
team.   Armen will have a more in-depth article on these matters
published in a forthcoming issue of Robin Ramsay’s LOBSTER. 

4)     Project Monarch: 
Martin Cannon has more recently written stating that he believes this project
to be fabricated.


Interestingly, this capability is now confirmed in recent press reports in
regard to LTL weapons.

For a fuller account of the Nazi experiments refer to Resonance No 29 November
1995, published by the Bioelectromagnetic Special Interest Group of American
Mensa Ltd., and drawn from a series of articles published by the Napa Sentinel,
1991 by Harry Martin and David Caul.

In particular the publication of John Marks “The Search for the Manchurian
Candidate” (Penguin Books, London 1979) and Walter Bowart’s “Operation Mind
Control” (Fontana Books, London 1979).

Walter Bowart.

See Delgado’s “Physical Control of the Mind: Towards a Psychocivilised
Society”, “Intracerebral Radio Stimulation in Completely Free Patients” in
Schiwitgebel & Schwitzgebel (eds.).  Speaking in 1966, Delgado
asserted that his research “supported the distasteful conclusion that motion,
emotion and behaviour can be directed by electrical forces and that humans can
be controlled like robots by push buttons.”  (Think 32 July-August
1966).  Delgado was funded by the Office of Naval Intelligence
(ONI).  It is believed he still works as a consultant for the US

My italics.

See “Mind Control and the American Government” by Martin Cannon, LOBSTER

See “Neural Manipulation by Radar” by Armen Victorian, LOBSTER 30, and also
Time Magazine, July 1, 1974 “Mind Reading Computer.”

notes that the vast bulk of CIA key documents were illegally destroyed, in
1973, at the order of the then DCI, Richard Helms.  Other writers have
noted the psychological profile of Sirhan Beshara Sirhan noting a virtually
impregnable “amnesia”  which lasts to this day.  In 1968 Dr. George
Eastabrooks (considered by some to be the grand-daddy of hypnosis in
warfare)  told a reporter at the Providence Evening Bulletin that he had
conducted extensive hypnosis work on behalf of the CIA, FBI and  military
intelligence.  He went on to say that the key to creating an effective spy
or assassin rests in “creating a multiple personality, with the aid of
hypnosis”, a technique which Eastabrooks considered as “child’s play.  He
went on to suggest that “Lee Harvey Oswald and Jack Ruby could very well have
been performing through hypnosis.”  Of interest in this context was a book
written by Lincoln Lawrence (a pseudonym), a former FBI agent who revealed the
existence of a 350 page CIA document that outlined a technique termed RHIC-EDOM
(Radio Hypnosis Intra -Cerebral Control – Electronic Dissolution of
Memory.  Certainly many of the above cited CIA programmes were dedicated
to electronically inducing amnesia.  The case studies of Dr. Ewen Cameron
in this context remain the most notable and the most chilling. )

[10][10]See his autobiography “The Scientist”.

[11]Anna Keeler in Full Disclosure 1989.

[12]Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) report released under
FOIA.  Also see Anna Keeler.  Capt Paul E Tyler, MC, USN paper
entitled “The Electromagnetic Spectrum in Low Intensity Conflict” (CADRE 1986)
is also relevant in this connection.  Tyler’s observation are, understandably,
shrouded in “maybes and what ifs” but is non the less instructive when placed
in context to PANDORA and other projects.

[13] In an interview with John Marks.  CIA 
veteran Miles Copeland admitted to a journalist prior to his death that “The
congressional subcommittees which went into this sort of thing got only the
barest glimpse.”    Likewise, hypnosis expert Milton Kline, a
veteran of covert experimentation in this field confirmed in 1977,  that
his work for the government continued.

[14] See A. J. Weberman’s “The Story of Mankind Research
Unlimited, Inc.” Covert Action Quarterly, issue 9, June 1980.

[15] Ibid.  Cited from  “leaked”  and/or
“stolen” documents. 

[16] Ibid.

[17]Despite his apparently Democratic credentials President
Clinton is not a reformer in this regard.  In lock-step with all previous
administrations dating back to the 1930’s, President Clinton’s administration
is heavily composed of individuals who are members of the CFR or the Trilateral
Commission (or both).  There is some evidence to suggest that President
Clinton had a special and close connection to the Central Intelligence Agency
during his days as Governor of Arkansas.  Terry Reed, and ex CIA agent has
revealed that Clinton was an Agency “asset” during the period he worked for the
CIA.  This may not be as preposterous as it appears in view of the “Starr
Commission’s” decision to investigate this aspect of the President’s

[18][18]In connection with “enhancing abilities of friendly
forces”  see numerous articles and exposé’s on Col. John B.
Alexander.  Alexander, a former Commander of Green Berets special forces
was a member of the US “Phoenix”  assassination programme in
Vietnam.  Until recently he was Director of Non lethal programmes in Los
Alamos National Laboratory, but has since resigned following, it is believed,
an undue amount of negative press.  He remains NATO’s adviser on
NLD.  Alexander wrote a book an article ( and later co-authored a book
entitled The Warrior’s Edge) published in Military Review in which he outlined
a number of hitherto “fringe” subjects – including telepathy – that should be
brought in to the battery of future weapons.  Alexander is dedicated to
the development of a super-human soldier with enhanced abilities leading to an
“invincible warrior.”  In his book he likens such a soldier to be a JEDI
KNIGHT, from the film Star Wars (Project Jedi).  He has powerful sponsors
including Vice President Al Gore.  Alexander is cited as being the grand
daddy of NLD.  He is known to be heavily engaged in mind control and
psychotronic projects.  See Armen Victorian “Psychic Warfare and Non
lethal Weapons.”

[19]In this connection the work of Dr. James Lin of Wayne
State University should be noted.  Lin has written a book entitled
“Microwave Auditory Effects & Applications” in which he states “The
capability of communicating directly with humans by pulsed microwaves is
obviously not limited to the field of therapeutic medicine.”

[20]Refer to Dr. Robert Becker who has stated “Such a device
has obvious applications in covert operations designed to drive a target crazy
with “voices” or deliver undetected instructions to a programmed
assassin.”  In 1974 Dr J F Scapitz filed a plan to explore the
interaction  of radio signals and hypnosis.  He stated that “In this
investigation it will be shown that the spoken word of the hypnotists may be
conveyed by modulate electromagnetic energy directly into the subconscious
parts of the human brain – i.e. without employing any technical devices for
receiving or transcoding the messages and without the person exposed to such
influence having a chance to control the information input consciously.” 
Schapitz’ work was funded by the DoD.  Despite FOIA filings his work has
never been made available.  Also it is interesting to note the date of
1974, which almost exactly mirror’s the period when the USSR commenced its own
programme that resulted in “Acoustic Psycho-correction technology.”

[21]During October 1994 Dr. Ross Adey visited London to
address a conference on the health implications of EM fields.  At that
time this writer was collaborating with a well known documentary film maker to
make a documentary on this subject.  I approached the conference organisers,
given a free invite and assured that I would be permitted to speak with Dr.
Adey privately.  Additionally I assured the organiser that any meeting
would be strictly confidential and off the record if Dr. Adey would feel more
comfortable with that.  In the event Dr. Adey declined to meet with me and
my complimentary invitation to attend the conference was rescinded.  Dr.
Adey said the subject was “too technical?” to discuss.

[22]Much similar effects have been reported, for instance,
at the Women’s Peace camp at Seneca, in New York state. 

[23]Psychic phenomena studies were, in fact, part of
classified Pentagon programmes dating back over two decades.  Two separate
“teams” conducted advanced experiments.  One team operated out of SRI and
the other from the NSA’s Fort George Meade facility in Maryland.  During
that time, Major General Albert N. Stubblebine, Director of US Army
Intelligence and Security Command oversaw a programme dedicated to “remote
viewing” where operatives were tasked with, amongst other things, tracking
Soviet “Boomer” submarines.  Stubblebine is presently Chairman of the
Board of Directors of PSI-TECH a private company specialising in remote viewing
and other activities.  Col. John Alexander is also on the board.  The
company also employs Major Edward Dames (ex DIA), Major David Moorhouse (ex
82nd Airborne), and Ron Blackburn (former microwave scientist and specialist,
Kirkland Air Force base).. PSI-TECH operate in the private sector and have
received a number of classified government contracts.  During the Gulf war
the company was approached by DoD with a request that the company’s remote
viewers be tasked with tracking and locating Iraq’s Scud missiles.  Col
Alexander and C.B. Scott Jones (who has previously worked for the US government
on mind control technology) both share an interest in Unidentified Flying
Objects.  The highly regarded New York Times journalist Howard Blum
revealed in his book “Out There”  that there is, indeed, a DoD UFO working
group within the DIA.   I  mention this aspect only to
demonstrate that the military and intelligence community are not averse to
experimenting in and expending prodigious amounts of tax dollars on some of the
“weirder” areas of life.  The remote viewing teams were disbanded
following the Oliver North fiasco by the Secretary of Defense who was concerned
at the potential bad publicity.   Thereafter, Psi-Tech was formed and
the work continues…

[24]Refer Martin Cannon.  Lobster 23 “Mind Control and
the American Government.”  Martin is an independent and objective
researcher who has spent a considerable amount of time and personal money in
researching this subject.  See earlier reference to Dr. George
Eastabrooks, footnote 3.

[25]On October 24-27 1995, the Counter-Drug Technology
Assessment Center held a symposium at Nashua, New Hampshire.  Subjects
discussed included the “transition of advanced military technologies to the
civil law enforcement environment.  These include advanced tracking,
tagging, radio frequency and other “non-intrusive” technologies. 

[26]I have certain caveats in citing this material. 
Firstly, I have written to Dr. Horvath and the two other scientists referred to
in the Spotlight article.  To date none have replied either to confirm or
deny their comments?  One of them, Steve Aftergood is  highly
reputable and is known to me indirectly.  The other two are not known to
me at all.   It is also important to point out that Spotlight is an
ultra right wing publication and one must, therefore, take these citations with
due caution.   On the other hand Spotlight shares a considerable
“ethos” with some far right elements of  the military and intelligence
community who are in a position to know about these developments and for their
own reasons may have made this information available.  

[27] See Brian Freemantle’s “The Octopus”  Orion Books
Ltd, 1995.

[28] See Walter Bowart’s “Operation Mind Control” recounting
some chilling stories involving Vietnam veterans.   In particular the
case of “David”  and ex US Air Force officer who had his memory
“erased”  following his term of service.

[29]See the Collected Works of Carl Gustav Jung for a
background to the psychology of “projection”.

[31]Aggravated by narcotics related crime – presently
estimated to between $500 – $800  billion a year, thus an  industry
outstripping all other “business sectors” with the possible exception of the
weapons industry.  These figures extracted from Brian Freemantle’s “The
Octopus”  Orion Books Ltd, 1995.

[32]The present economic reality (and that for the
foreseeable future) is that the once abundant life-style for large segments of
western citizens will continue to erode.  This will inevitably lead to
dissatisfaction that will increasingly manifest itself in civil
disturbance.  Economically powerless to change direction, governments may
possibly resort to authoritarian remedies, fuelling greater unrest and a
repetition of the vicious cycle.  This model is based on the clear
evidence that “nations” no longer possess the economic might to “buck” the
markets.  The globalisation  of finance and the internationalisation
of “free markets”, has led to (or perhaps resulted from?) giant “stateless”
Trans National Corporations.  Collectively, TNC’s far outweigh the
economic power of any one sovereign state.  Under the combined onslaught
of TNC’s acting in concert, (referred to as “market trends”) even G7 (in the
form of combined Central Bank intervention) is often rendered 
powerless.  Under this scenario the future does not bode well.  TNC’s
will continue to accrue to themselves an increasing proportion of the world’s
wealth, whereas nation states will grow increasingly reliant upon sovereign
indebtedness to finance themselves or gradually assume “Third World” economies
.  The burden of “servicing” sovereign debt is met by a combination of
fiscal measures, primarily increased domestic taxation (direct, indirect and
more hidden measures) and decreased expenditure.  Both measures impact
heavily on the poorer classes and yet generally benefit the TNC’s who remain
large tax recipients.   Effectively powerless, the political structure
in sovereign states will have little alternative but to present to its
citizens, a facade of being in control if it is to remain in power. 
Bereft of economic muscle, old-fashioned real “muscle” (in the form of
soft-kill-technologies) are likely to become more meaningful to the rule of law
concept.  It is, therefore, self evident that LTL weapons will thus be
directed at the “rebellious” poorer classes .  The Mexican “Chiapas” are
an early warning sign of how these socio-economic factors are likely to impact
in the future.  Mexico today, the United States tomorrow, and
thereafter    ?   See Noam Chomsky’s World Orders Old and New
for a more comprehensive analysis of the TNC global phenomenon.

[33]Especially some classes of EM weapons that are viewed as
having a capability to remotely modify behaviour or attack higher functions.

[34] See Department of Defense Draft directive dated January
1, 1995 outlining taking objectives for Non Lethal Weapons.

[35] See Noam Chomsky’s  and  Edward Herman’s
“Manufacturing Consent” (Pantheon Books, New York, 1988).  The authors
exhaustingly detail the widespread role of the media to propagandise
“elitist”  objectives whilst downplaying or ignoring altogether “hard
news” that doesn’t fit the “propaganda model”.   As a result domestic
“consent” is engineered  both by the absence of  information that
doesn’t fit the “model” and by exclusively featuring stories or hard news that
do.  The impact of these techniques effectively restricts political and
economic debate, sidelining contrary viewpoints.  Thus the authors argue
that democracy has already been replaced and that, de facto, a one party state
has been crafted.

[36]This so called “soft kill” ability is politically