and Other Documented U.S. Government Mind Control Programs

MKULTRA was a U.S. government research program
on mind and behavior control which ran from the early 1950s into the
1960s.  Rather than being terminated, though, MKULTRA was “rolled
over” into other programs such as MKSEARCH.  To dispense with such
name-change games, MKULTRA is occasionally used to generically refer to U.S.
government mind control operations, particularly those of the CIA. 


Parascope has some MKULTRA
online, including the 1977
Senate MKULTRA hearing


Ritual Abuse, Ritual Crime, and Healing site has online a listing
of MKULTRA documents, including subprojects, in the John Marks Collection

at the National Security Archive.  The page does not give details of
Subproject 119, which was a study of bioelectrical sensors, recording and
analysis techniques, and “techniques of activation of the human organism
by remote electronic means.”  Subproject 94 dealt with improving
techniques already developed for “conditioning and control of
animals” using “miniaturized stimulating electrode implants in
specific brain areas.”

and Directed-Energy Weapons

Non-lethal (or nonlethal) weapons is a term
used to describe weapons which can incapacitate, subdue, or alter the behavior
of people without killing them or resulting in permanent harm.  It is a
misnomer, because the weapons can be lethal or crippling.  Much of the
recent publicity involves such weapons as bean bag guns and giant nets, which
make for good public relations without revealing the more secretive
technology.  The real concern is electromagnetic and acoustic weapons (as
well as chemical and biological agents), especially those that can be used
covertly with “plausible denial.”


  A Newsweek
article from 1994, “Soon,
‘Phasers on Stun’
” describes the push for so-called non-lethal arms.


…the list of exotic technologies that could
be harnessed for nonlethal weapons is already large and growing. It includes
lasers, microwaves, sound waves, strobe lights, electromagnetic pulses,
microbes, chemicals, computer viruses — even giant nets…


…Sources tell Newsweek that the FBI
consulted Moscow experts on the possible use of a Soviet technique for beaming
subliminal messages to Koresh. The technique uses inaudible transmissions that
could have convinced Koresh he was hearing the voice of God inside his head.
The air force offered a top secret nonlethal system that, according to one
source, “would have given [the FBI] the ability to make a surprise attack
with a large number of agents.” …


is a recent U.S. News article, by Douglas Pasternak, on the newest generation
of weapons in development. It is from July 1997, and is titled “Wonder
Weapons: The Pentagon’s quest for nonlethal arms is amazing. But is it smart?

By using very low frequency electromagnetic
radiation — the waves way below radio frequencies on the electromagnetic
spectrum — he [Eldon Byrd] found he could induce the brain to release
behavior-regulating chemicals. “We could put animals into a stupor,”
he says by hitting them with these frequencies. “We got chick brains — in
vitro — to dump 80 percent of the natural opioids in their brains,'”Byrd
says. He even ran a small project that used magnetic fields to cause certain
brain cells in rats to release histamine. In humans, this would cause instant
flulike symptoms and produce nausea. “These fields were extremely weak.
They were undetectable,” says Byrd. “The effects were nonlethal and
reversible. You could disable a person temporarily,” Byrd hypothesizes.
“It [would have been] like a stun gun.”


Byrd never tested any of his hardware in the
field, and his program, scheduled for four years, apparently was closed down
after two, he says. “The work was really outstanding,” he grumbles.
“We would have had a weapon in one year.” Byrd says he was told his
work would be unclassified, “unless it works.” Because it worked, he
suspects that the program “went black.” Other scientists tell similar
tales of research on electromagnetic radiation turning top secret once
successful results were achieved. There are clues that such work is continuing.
In 1995, the annual meeting of four-star U.S. Air Force generals — called
CORONA — reviewed more than 1,000 potential projects. One was called “Put
the Enemy to Sleep/Keep the Enemy From Sleeping.” It called for exploring
“acoustics,” “microwaves,” and “brain-wave manipulation”
to alter sleep patterns. It was one of only three projects approved for initial


February, 1998, the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress held hearings
on Radio
Frequency Weapons and Proliferation: Potential Impact on the Economy

These hearings dealt with anti-materiel weapons rather than anti-personnel
weapons, but the testimony presented to the committee contains good general
information on portable RF generation technology, etc.


pair of articles about non-lethal weapons appears in The Bulletin of the
Atomic Scientists,
Sept/Oct, 1994.  The articles are “The
‘Soft Kill’ Fallacy
” by Steven Aftergood and “Oh
yes… they’re probably illegal
” by Barbara Hatch Rosenberg.


book Electromagnetism
and Life
by Robert Becker and Andrew Marino is online at Marino’s web


are excerpts from “Microwaves and Behavior,” by Don Justesen, American
, Mar. 1975:


Human beings can “hear” microwave
energy. The averaged densities of energy necessary for perception of the
hisses, clicks, and pops that seem to occur inside the head are quite small, at
least an order of magnitude below the current permissible limit in the United
States for continuous exposure to microwaves, which is 10 mW/cm^2….

To “hear” microwave energy, it must first be modulated
so that it impinges upon the “listener” as a pulse or a series of
pulses of high amplitude….

Sharp and Grove … found that appropriate modulation of microwave
energy can result in direct “wireless” and “receiverless”
communication of speech. They recorded by voice on tape each of the
single-syllable words for digits between 1 and 10. The electrical sine-wave
analogs of each word were then processed so that each time a sine wave crossed
zero reference in the negative direction, a brief pulse of microwave energy was
triggered.  By radiating themselves with these “voice-modulated”
microwaves, Sharp and Grover were readily able to hear, identify, and
distinguish among the 9 words. The sounds heard were not unlike those emitted
by persons with artificial larynxes.

Note that the published date is 1975. There is
little doubt that improved modulation and microwave generation techniques have
been developed in the meantime. This is a fairly sophisticated application of
microwave harassment techniques. The same article notes that basic microwave
heating can cause damage before sensations of heating are even noticed. 
Microwave attacks by thermal loading can inflict brain damage and other
physical damage.


Air Force Research Laboratory has some reports
concerning the bioeffects of RF radiation, including the Radiofrequency
Radiation Dosimetry Handbook


report, by Julianne McKinney of the Association of National Security Alumni,
was one of the first to openly describe microwave anti-personnel weapons and
their use in harassment.  Here is a copy at the Pink Noise site, “Microwave
Harassment and Mind-Control Experimentation


article by Tom Jaski, “Radio
Waves & Life
,” in Popular Electronics, Sept. 1960, details
some of the history of research into the biological effects of radio-frequency
electromagnetic radiation.  It describes research going back to the
1920s.  Jaski also replicated some of these early results, as the
following somewhat lengthy excerpt describes:


This brings to mind the work of a man who
started publishing articles on this kind of subject more than 35 years ago. An
Italian university professor named Cazzamalli placed human subjects in a
shielded room, subjected them to high-frequency radio waves, and claimed to be
able to record a “beat” which, he received on a simple untuned
receiver consisting of a galena crystal, a small capacitor, antenna and
sensitive galvanometer. Cazzamalli’s equipment, as well as it can be determined
from his early articles, is shown in Fig. 1.

The one item which he never mentions, perhaps because he could not
accurately determine it, is the power of his transmitter.

He published oscillograms purportedly showing variations of the
“beats” when his subjects were emotionally aroused or engaged in
creative efforts.

Later experiments delivered much more startling results: he found
that some of his subjects would hallucinate under the influence of the
high-frequency radio waves, which ranged all the way up to 300 MC.

The Cazzamalli experiments were carefully duplicated with modern
equipment, of much greater sensitivity than his…

…a previous experiment had indicated in a rather startling way
that power was not required to evoke effects in the human nervous system. In
fact, there seemed to be some sort of resonant frequency applicable to each
individual human…

To discover if this “something” was
subjectively noticeable by an individual, a weak oscillator swept through the
band of 300 to 600 MC with the request that the subject indicate any points at
which he might notice anything unusual. The subjects were not allowed to see
the dial.

At a particular frequency between 380 to 500 MC for different
subjects, they repeatedly indicated a point with almost unbelievable accuracy
(as many as 14 out of 15 times).

Subsequent experiments with the same subjects showed that at the
“individual” frequency, strange things were felt. Asked to describe
the experience, all subjects agreed there was a definite “pulsing” in
the brain, ringing in the ears and a desire to put their teeth into the nearest

The oscillator in this case was putting out only milliwatts of
power, and was placed several feet from the subject.


This page contains information about 
devices which can be implanted into a human body and used as part of a mind
control operation.  As the page will make clear, such devices exist right
now in commercial form and have been researched for decades.  This page
also contains items related to nanotechnology.


Applied Digital Solutions will soon begin marketing an implantable
tracking chip.  The company calls its product Digital
, and includes a description of the system and patent
on its web site.


  The Transponder
page has introductory articles and news about recent developments in
transponder technology.


NASA’s Sensors
(S2K!) program is developing biotelemetry devices for use in space
and other applications.  [Here is a copy
of the S2K! biotelemetry page
from the Google cache, and here are some other


are excerpts
from the book Journey Into Madness
by Gordon Thomas.  The
excerpts describe research into implants, and in particular some American war
crimes in Vietnam involving brain surgery and implants on prisoners of war.

In a closed-off compound at Bien Hoa Hospital,
the Agency team set to work with three Vietcong prisoners who had been selected
by the local station. Each man was anesthetized and the neurosurgeon, after he
had hinged back a flap in their skulls, implanted tine electrodes in each

When the prisoners regained consciousness, the behaviorists set to
work. The prisoners were placed in a room and given knives. Pressing the
control buttons on their handsets, the behaviorists tried to arouse their
subjects to violence.

Nothing happened.

For a whole week the doctors tried to make the men attack each
other. Baffled at their lack of success, the team flew back to Washington. As
previously arranged in the case of failure, while the physicians were still in
the air the prisoners were shot by Green Beret troopers and their bodies

  This New
article by Duncan Graham-Rowe, “‘Smart
dust’ could soon be spying on you
,” describes dust-sized nanodevices
currently in development which can contain sensors and communicate data.


is an article from ABC News about smart
.  The article is by Jack Smith and is from Nov. 1999.  The
particular application being discussed involves minute airborne particles,
which the article reports might communicate information using small lasers.

Researchers at the University of California
have built a prototype the size of a matchbox that contains temperature,
barometric pressure and humidity sensors, and has the same computing power as
an IBM desktop did 15 years ago.

The new prototype is about the size of an aspirin tablet and will get even

“In the time frame of a year,” Kahn predicts, “we
should have out first working prototypes that are the size of a grain of

article in the IBM Systems Journal describes personal
area networks
which allow data to be sent through the body.  For
example, the authors describe “the business card handshake” whereby
skin contact between two people could automatically transfer data between their
personal data devices.  While this is not specifically implant technology,
the technique could be used for data I/O between an implanted device and other


home page of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Neural
Prosthesis Program


are some excerpts from the book As
Man Becomes Machine, The Evolution of the Cyborg
by David Rorvik,
written in 1973.  They are online at Peter Grafstrom’s site (and here is a
).  The excerpts contain descriptions of experiments in electronic
stimulation of the brain (ESB) as well as some of Rorvik’s speculations on the
future uses and abuses of such technology.


brief article appeared in Technology Review, May-June 2000.  It
mentions research into using laryngeal
nerve signals
to control an electrolarnyx.


page at the Whitaker Foundation describes a thought-controlled
which combines implanted muscle stimulators with a computer
to analyze brain waves.  It allows a handicapped person to, for example,
open his or her hand by simply thinking the command “open.”


are some excerpts
from the book Wildlife Radio Tagging: Equipment, Field Techniques, and Data
, Academic Press, 1987.  Even though the technology
involved is typically not the latest cutting edge, the book is interesting
because tagging and tracking techniques for animals are openly discussed,
whereas applications of those techniques to humans tend not to be.  (No
one is surprised or doubtful when a scientist devotes himself or herself to
monitoring animals 24 hours a day to study their behavior — and gets
funding for it.)


also Remote
Sensing and Thought Inference

Monitoring and Thought Inference

This page deals with what might commonly be
called “mind reading.”  More specifically and technically it
deals with methods by which the thoughts a person is thinking can be inferred
by analyzing physiological data obtained about that person from any sort of
sensor devices.  (This inference need not be 100% effective to be a
powerful technique for information gathering from, and harassment of, a
targeted individual.  Even a remote heartbeat and breathing monitor, combined
with surveillance cameras, would allow for thought inferences that would be
extremely unnerving to a targeted person.)  Combining such capabilities
with techniques and technologies described on other pages of this site would
allow for a “full-duplex” sort of mind manipulation. 


article at the DOE Openness site deals with the remote measurement of
physiological data using microwave techniques.  It is titled “Measurement
of Heart and Breathing Signals of Human Subjects Through Barriers With
Microwave Life-Detection Systems


1981 Science Digest article by Gary Selden, “Machines
That Read Minds
,” provides a good introduction to brainwave analysis
as a means for thought inference.  It describes some of the research being
conducted at that time, and notes that the CIA actively funded such research.


technique described as brain
has been developed to determine if a subject recognizes some
aspect of a scene, etc.  It is being marketed as a tool for law
enforcement, like a brainwave version of a lie detector.  It uses a
technique like that described for the P300 “recognition wave” in the
Gary Selden article above.


is a PubMed abstract of an article “Brain-wave
recognition of words
.”  See also the Related
.  The full text of recent articles in the Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences
can be accessed online.


is a brief excerpt from an article titled “Thought Control,” by Peter
Thomas, in New Scientist, March 9, 1996:

Last year, at the University of Tottori, near
Osaka in Japan, a team of computer scientists lead by Michio Inoue took this
idea further by analysing the EEG signals that correspond to a subject
concentrating on a specific word…

The system depends on a database of EEG patterns taken from a
subject concentrating on known words.  To work out what the subject is
thinking, the computer attempts to match their EEG signals with the patterns in
the database.  For the moment the computer has a vocabulary of only five
words and takes 25 seconds to make its guess. In tests, Inoue claims a success
rate of 80 percent, but he is working on improvements…

Note that the time to “guess” is not
really meaningful by itself (depending on the computer and algorithm used) and
that significant improvements to both the signal measurements and the pattern
matching algorithm are almost surely possible.


Scientists from the Department of Molecular and Cell Biology at the
University of California, Berkeley, have successfully wired a cat’s visual
system so that they are able to reconstruct computer images of what the cat
sees.  They attached electrodes to 177 cells in the thalamus region of the
cat’s brain.  Here is a BBC
, on the research, and these are images
of the reconstructed views
. (Here is a local
of the images page.)


  This page
at the C.A.H.R.A site
includes an L.A. Times article from 1976 about
research into inferring thoughts and remotely measuring magnetoencephalograph (MEG)


source of information about a person’s thought process is where the eyes
focus.  Eye gaze monitoring devices are currently being marketed for the
disabled and for applications like studying the effectiveness of
advertising.  One such system, originally developed at the University of
Virginia, is called  ERICA
Stanford University has an Advanced
Eye Interpretation Project
, and the following quote is from their web site.


Our patented work on inferring mental states
from eye-movement patterns allows us to better describe what users are doing.
This ongoing research moves beyond merely asking where a person’s eyes are
focused, but aims to infer high-level behaviors from observing various patterns
of eye-movement. Interesting results become apparent when behaviors such as
“reading” and “searching” are analyzed as users interact
with dynamic, complex applications.

What do people do when they read on-line news? How much do they read on
which providers? The Stanford/Poynter Eyetrack2000 Project is analyzing typical
users’ eye-movements and surfing behavior as they read on-line news to answer
these (and many more) questions.


is a Scientific American article describing how researchers
can predict a rhesus monkey’s arm movements
from brain recordings a
fraction of a second before the monkey’s muscles move.


  This Wired
article from 1993, “The
Desire to Be Wired
,” is about neural interfacing.  Among other
topics, it discusses independent, do-it-yourself researchers of brain
interfacing devices.  The following excerpt describes an experiment in EEG
transference.  It is not sufficiently documented in the article to be
taken as a scientific study, but is nonetheless interesting.


David Cole of the non-profit group AquaThought
is another independent researcher willing to explore the inside of his own
cranium. Over the years, he’s been working on several schemes to transfer EEG
patterns from one person’s brain to another. The patterns of recorded brain
waves from the source subject are amplified many thousands of times and then
transferred to a target subject (in this case, Cole himself). The first tests
on this device, dubbed the Montage Amplifier, were done using conventional EEG
electrodes placed on the scalp. The lab notes from one of the first sessions
with the Amplifier report that the target (Cole) experienced visual effects,
including a “hot spot” in the very location where the source
subject’s eyes were being illuminated with a flashlight. Cole experienced a
general state of “nervousness, alarm, agitation, and flushed face”
during the procedure. The results of these initial experiments made Cole
skittish about attempting others using electrical stimulation. He has since
done several sessions using deep magnetic stimulation via mounted solenoids
built from conventional iron nails wrapped with 22-gauge wire. “The
results are not as dramatic, but they are consistent enough to warrant more
study,” he says.


This cyberpunk
, for example, contains related information.


also the page on implants.


This page deals with methods by which people’s
behavior can be influenced or modified without their conscious awareness that
the influencing is taking place. 


report by Greg Harrison, “Electromagnetics
and the Mind
,” provides some documented information on subliminals and
related technologies and techniques.  In particular, it references
Congressional hearings on the subject held in 1984.


by Anna Keeler
from Jim Keith’s book Secret and Suppressed: Banned Ideas
and Hidden History
provide some information on subliminal
influencing.  The 1984 Congressional hearings are mentioned as well as
uses of audio subliminals to decrease shoplifting.  Much other good
information as well.


abstract of a paper, “Control
of ‘choice’ by application of the electromagnetic field equivalents of spoken
words: mediation by emotional meaning rather than linguistic dimensions?

is at the Government Mind Control site (a private site).  The paper
appeared in Perception and Motor Skills, Dec., 1997.  The web page
also has other interesting abstracts.


  This page
at Parascope
deals with some of the history of subliminal influencing, and
popular scares about it.  Keep in mind, though, that these are rather
unsophisticated techniques being discussed and that some of the sources (such
as documents released by the CIA from the 1950s and 1960s) are not necessarily
reliable on this topic.


also the pages on “Non-lethal”
and Directed-Energy Weapons
and on  Wide-Field
Mind Control

and Media Coverups

Americans like to think of their supposedly
free press as a watchdog on government, a fourth branch — especially because the
press itself shamelessly promotes that myth.  One of the first tenets for
the control of a population, though, is to control all sources of information
the population receives (or at least those it believes, with other sources
discredited).  The mainstream American press is a controlled
corporate/government megaphone, and the few real exceptions prove the rule. 


revelations of U.S. radiation experiments that occurred at the end of 1993 and
which resulted in a Presidential Commission to study the situation were treated
as a new story.  But the information had been known for almost a decade,
openly, and most news organizations chose to ignore the story.  Even the
dying victims of the crimes, known to our supposed press “watchdogs,”
were never informed.  The sources of these the revelations?  The
original activists were ignored for some time, but even after the House
Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Power issued a report in 1986 detailing
the abuses
it took almost a decade for the press to report them.  This
story by Geoffery Sea in the Columbia Journalism Review, “The
Radiation Story No One Would Touch
,” describes the coverup.


  This CIA
document from 1991
, at Ralph McGehee’s CIABASE site, describes recent CIA
programs to influence the media:


a.  PAO now has relationships with
reporters from every major
wire service, newspaper, news
weekly, and television network in the
nation. This has helped up turn
some “intelligence failure” stories
into “Intelligence
success” stories…In many instances, we have
persuaded reporters
to postpone, change, hold, or even scrap stories…
The document also
describes the CIA’s ongoing contacts with academics.


good example of the mainstream press not publicizing, minimizing, and
misreporting important information related to intelligence matters is the
matter of the CIA’s involvement with drug trafficking.  This is an article
by Norman Solomon from the Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) web site,
Job: The Establishment’s Papers Do Damage Control for the CIA
There are two sidebars to the article:  “That
Delusional Mindset
” concerns media insinuations that black people are
simply paranoid about the CIA, and “Our
Man at the Post
” is about Walter Pincus at the Washington Post.,


is an article by Alex Constantine on the
CIA’s Operation Mockingbird
which infiltrated and influenced news
organizations inside the U.S.


was not just the press that the CIA set out to influence during the Cold War
(and afterward, unless you believe all of this magically stopped
sometime).  The goal was to influence the entire culture in a way that
benefited those in charge.  Here are some reviews of the book The
Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters
by Frances
Stonor Saunders. First is one
by James Petras
at The Monthly Review.  Next is a copy
of a review
(here is another
) by Laurence Zuckerman from The New York Times.  Here also
is a review
by Jeff Sharlet
at The Chronicle of Higher Education.  Yes, the
CIA really applied Orwellian tactics to Orwell’s literature.  They really
supported abstract painting in the hopes of supplanting other art with
political content.  Do you think they would somehow not tamper with popular
art and music?


article at Parascope on Operation
shows the extent to which the CIA, often via its press proxies, employs
symbolism and cultural analysis to influence populations.  This particular
example deals with Cuba, but similar examples exist for other Central and South
American operations.


During Operation Mongoose, Patchell reported,
the CIA “decided that the ‘worm’ is preferable to the ‘fish’ and that it
has been popularized by Castro and we should take advantage of it.”
(Castro had derided opponents of the revolutionary government as
“gusanos” — worms.) By late 1962 the CIA was pushing the slogan
“Gusano Libre!” — Free Worm! — in its broadcasts to Cuba.

Patchell suggested using catch-phrases such as “the worm will
turn” to bolster the propaganda pitch. He also recommended using bible
verses to spread the message, such as this quote from the book of Isaiah:
“Their worm shall not die, and their fire shall not be quenched.”

article by Noam Chomsky, “Propaganda,
,” gives his observations on the system of thought
control in the U.S., with emphasis on the media.  It is an expanded
version of a magazine article by Chomsky from 1988, including information from
an interview and an essay (though it is not clear who expanded it).


One reason that propaganda often works better
on the  educated than on the uneducated  is  that  educated
people read more, so they receive more propaganda. Another is  that 
they  have jobs in management, media, and academia and therefore 
work  in  some  capacity  as  agents  of the
propaganda system — and  they  believe  what  the 
system expects them to believe. By and large, they’re  part  of the
privileged elite, and share the interests and perceptions of those in power.

and Judicial Aspects of Mind Control

This page concerns the legal aspects of mind
control, as well as how victims of harassment and nonconsensual experimentation
are denied effective redress in the U.S. judicial system.  I encourage
victims to pursue legal avenues for ending their harassment and trying to learn
exactly what all was done to them, but they should be well informed of the
actual situation.  This page does not constitute legal advice. 
Victims should consult a competent attorney — if they can even get one to take
their case and can afford one after their years of abuse. 


Smartnews site has online an article, “The
Law and Mind Control
,” which looks at five legal cases involving mind


article in Probe magazine, “Mind-Control
Part 1: Canadian and U.S. Survivors Seek Justice
,” March-April 2000,
describes some mind control experiments involving nonconsensual LSD testing,
electroshock “depatterning,” sensory deprivation, etc.  It also
summarizes several victims’ lawsuits and the resulting stonewalling and
machinations of the CIA even decades later.


decision in the case Kronisch
v. U.S.
is online at the New York Law Journal.


Turner, in this article from the Hamline Journal of Public Law and Policy, Fall
1990, discusses his involvement in Orlikow,
et al. v. United States, and general issues regarding public interest cases
against the CIA


This review of the CIA’s actions in the United
States and Canada demonstrates how completely unprincipled was the Agency’s
original brainwashing program, as well as its course of legal manoeuvers years
later when it was required to answer for its misconduct. The story of the
brainwashing suit and the barriers that were overcome before the CIA’s victims
were finally compensated, illustrates both the formidable hurdles presented and
the unique satisfactions gleaned in a public interest law suit.


is the case John
at the California
First Amendment Coalition site.


article by Elaine M. Ramesh appeared in Risk, the official journal of
the Risk Assessment and Policy Association, in 1997.  It discusses the
legal implications of the implantation of microchips in humans.  The
article is titled, “Time
Enough? Consequences of Human Microchip Implantation


are several sites online where you can search on case law.  These include FindLaw,
the Touro
Law Center Web Server
, and


  The United
States Constitution
(and Bill of Rights), describing a legitimate U.S.
government in plain English — for what it is worth.

Paperclip and Literal Nazi Connections

Project Paperclip was one of several
government projects after World War II whereby Nazi scientists, some associated
with Holocaust atrocities, were brought to the U.S. to work and live. 
Other Nazis, like Klaus Barbie, “The Butcher of Lyon,” were used by
U.S. intelligence and helped to escape from Germany and later to avoid capture. 


  A memorandum
prepared for the members of the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation
which discusses possible Project Paperclip and Nazi links to
American radiation experiments.


is a web page at NameBase which lists books
relating to Project Paperclip
along with a few interesting excerpts. 
The following excerpt is attributed to the book Blowback by Christopher


The CIA, the State Department, and U.S. Army
intelligence each created special programs for the specific purpose of bringing
selected former Nazis and collaborators to the United States…. The government
employed these men and women for their expertise in propaganda and
psychological warfare, for work in American laboratories, and even as special
guerrilla troops for deployment inside the USSR in the midst of a nuclear
war…. Hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of such recruits were SS veterans;
some had been officers of the bloody Sicherheitsdienst (SD), the Nazi party’s
security service.


are remarks
by Mark Weitzman before the Nazi War Criminals Interagency Working Group
the web site of the National Archives and Records Administration.

Mind Control

Wide-field mind control refers to systems
which can influence or affect the mental functioning or mood of people over a
large geographic area.  This page deals with wide-scale influencing via
physical effects like electromagnetic fields and acoustic phenomena rather than
by, for example, television broadcasts.  Even if the percentage of a
population susceptible to the influencing is small or the probability of
influencing is low, significant effects could result from influencing a large
enough population. 


is a transcript of a CNN Special Assignment show, “Electromagnetic
Weapons and Mind Control
,” from around 1985.  It is online at the
Mind Control Forum.


CNN enlisted the help of noted physicist Dr. Elizabeth Rausher and electrical
engineer Bill VanBise to build and test an RF mind-interference machine from
data found in Soviet scientific literature.

The machine itself was inexpensive and easy to construct using parts from a
consumer electronics store. It emits a weak magnetic field pulsed at extremely
low frequency.
 As the subject of
the test I was blindfolded and my ears were blocked to prevent inadvertent
clues as to what was happening. A magnetic probe was placed about 18 inches
from my head.
As the experiment began, two signal generators produced
waveform patterns that were transmitted by the magnetic probe at about one
one-thousandth of the Earth’s magnetic field strength.


VanBise — watching a chart
Describe anything that you see, if

DeCaro:  In the control room VanBise varied the waveforms
being generated. In another room I could see waveforms changing shape in my

DeCaro during experiment:  A parabola just went by.

Rausher:  A parabola just went by.

DeCaro:  … Later, I asked VanBise what a weapon using
this technology could do.

VanBise:  Induce basically what would be considered
hallucinations in people; direct them to do things against their so-called
better judgment…

DeCaro:  How easy would it be to assemble a weapon from
existing off-the-shelf parts?

VanBise:  Three weeks, I could put together a weapon that
would take care of a whole town.

DeCaro:  We showed the results of our test to Dr. Robert
Becker, a two-time Nobel nominee for his work in the biological effects of

Becker:  This is a very significant experiment because it
carries our understanding of how vision is actually performed a step further
into the mystery.


Michael Persinger’s article “On
the Possibility of Directly Accessing Every Human Brain By Electromagnetic
Induction of Fundamental Algorithms
” from Perceptual and Motor
, June 1995, is archived at MindNet.


  This excerpt is from a 1977 Washington
article by John L. Wilhelm, titled “Psychic
Spying? The CIA, the Pentagon and the Russians Probe the Military Potential of
.”  Despite the title and the references to
parapsychology, the end of the article mentions research into ELF (extremely
low frequency) radiation and mind control.  The research was conducted at
the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) and at the Navy’s Electronics Laboratory

also Subliminal

Mind Control Systems

The other pages on this site tend to deal with
individual technologies or techniques of mind control.  This page deals
with complete systems, whereby several techniques are combined to influence
selected people and groups and where coverups and lies are employed to maintain
secrecy.  The main goal of this page is to get people thinking about the
larger technological and sociological picture. 


get a concrete, documented picture of how a group of people might go about
covertly influencing individuals and entire societies it is instructive to
study the techniques employed by the CIA in other countries.  It does not
take much imagination to get an idea of how the techniques and technologies of
mind control would be employed in similar programs.  The CIA’s covert
action in Chile, 1963-1973
, described in this report at Ralph McGehee’s
CIABASE site, provides a good example.


following item is included because it discusses the use of combined techniques
in a large-scale mind control operation, and because parts of it mirror the
stated experiences of some mind control victims.  It is therefore
“food for thought,” though it is not an official document; the claims
of NSA involvement and some of the technological claims are
unsubstantiated.  The page is NSA
Mind Control and Psyops
and is at Wes Thomas’ site.

Activism Against Mind Control Abuses


These are some items related to activism
against mind control abuses.  Many U.S. citizens (and citizens of other
countries) state that they have been harassed, tortured, and experimented on
with high-tech devices.  They describe symptoms which in many cases match
the effects of technologies described on these pages.  Nonetheless, these
people’s claims are often met with ridicule and disbelief.  In the United
States, the actual  history of such experimentation is not well
publicized, and knowledge of the current state of mind control technology is
almost nonexistent (or else it is politically expedient to pretend no knowledge
of it).  Remember that there are documented and acknowledged victims
of MKULTRA and other mind control programs who are still ignored, ridiculed,
and left to be considered mentally ill.


nonprofit group Citizens
Against Human Rights Abuse (CAHRA)
  works to expose and stop abuses
perpetrated using mind control techniques and technologies.


  The World
Organization Against Torture, USA
has recently issued a report on Torture
in the United States
.  Among other abuses it includes a section on
involuntary human scientific experimentation.


COINTELPRO stands for
“counterintelligence program.”  It was an FBI program in the
1960s and early 1970s.  It involved selecting so-called subversive people
and groups for covert harassment, infiltration, and disruption.  (Even groups
such as women’s liberation groups were targeted.)  In small letters,
cointelpro refers to any such operation, including those that continued after
COINTELPRO officially ended.  (People are still in prison who were
targeted and framed or set up by the original COINTELPRO.)  MHCHAOS was a
similar program by the CIA at around the same time which, for example, targeted
independent newspapers and student groups.  Much of what occurred under
MHCHAOS, and who was targeted, is still classified as secret and not publicly
known. This page contains links and items related to the sort of political
harassment that occurred under COINTELPRO, regardless of the official
designation or time frame.


is an archive on U.S.
Domestic Covert Operations
at  It contains a great
deal of information on COINTELPRO, including how the course of U.S. history was
altered by these criminal and undemocratic government actions — though this
point is almost never mentioned in any of the nostalgic or supposedly
informed retrospectives on the 1960s.


Revisited: Spying and Disruption
” by Brian Glick gives a brief
introduction to COINTELPRO.  Glick also discusses whether COINTELPRO
really ended, and gives some advice for people and groups who may currently be
undergoing cointelpro actions about how to cope with it.


good source of information on MHCHAOS is Angus Mackenzie’s book Secrets: The
CIA’s War at Home
.  Here is a  book
review from the Columbia Journalism Review


article by Verne Lyon, a former CIA operative, provides another description of
Operation CHAOS.  It is online at the Serendipity site and is titled,
Surveillance: The History of Operation CHAOS


book The COINTELPRO Papers: Documents from the FBI’s Secret Wars Against
Dissent in the United States,
by Ward Churchill and Jim Vander Wall,
documents COINTELPRO using numerous FBI documents.  The entire book is
online at  Paul
Wolf’s COINELPRO site
.  The book makes the point that there is no real
reason to think COINTELPRO ever stopped, aside from name changes and increased
secrecy.  As an example of the documents, see the first page of the FBI’s
12-point master plan for COINTELPRO against the New Left
and the second
.  See this
at Pinknoiz for a description of the destruction of actress Jean
Seberg’s life by the FBI because she supported the Black Panthers, based on the
documents in Churchill and Wall’s book.


article in Covert Action Quarterly, Summer 1997, discusses recent trends
in political spying.  It is Mitzi Waltz and is titled, “Policing
Activists: Think Global, Spy Local

Human Experimentation

This page deals with experiments of various
sorts that are known to have been conducted on human beings without their
consent, and often without their knowledge. 


National Security Archive site has archived information about the activities of
Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments
, including the final report.


  This critique
of the Advisory Committee report
appeared in The Bulletin of the Atomic
, Jan/Feb 1996.


“I have a suspicion that at root, there
was too much deference to the experiment industry by this
committee,”  Roisman of the Human Experiment Litigation Project said.


radiation experiments that the Advisory Committee dealt with are definitely not
the only cases of nonconsensual experimentation, and in fact that committee
only dealt with radiation experiments conducted before May 30, 1974. 
Besides radiation experiments, there are also known experiments in chemical and
biological warfare, as well as mind and behavior control — but the
nonconsensual victims of these experiments are still being kept in the dark as
to the fact that they were used in experiments and what exactly was done to
them.  A  U.S.
News and World Report
article from Jan. 24, 1994
describes some of
these experiments and the unwitting victims still being denied their human


…the government has long ignored thousands
of other cold war victims, rebuffing their requests for compensation and
refusing to admit its responsibility for injuries they suffered.

Continued secrecy and legal roadblocks erected by the government
have made it virtually impossible for victims of these cold war human
experiments to sue the government successfully, legal experts say.

Many of the stories of people whose lives were destroyed by
mind-altering drugs, electroshock “treatments” and other military and
CIA experiments involving toxic chemicals or behavior modification have
been known for almost 20 years.  But U.S. News has discovered that only a
handful were ever compensated — or even told what was done to them.

Admiral Turner, in his 1983 deposition, conceded that “a
disappointingly small number” were notified but defended the agency’s
continuing refusal to declassify the names of the researchers and universities
involved. “I don’t think that would have been necessarily the best
way,” Turner said. “Not in the litigious society we live in.”

are Sen.
John Glenn’s introductory remarks on bill S. 193
in the 105th
Congress.  The bill would have provided some protection to subjects of human
experimentation, including classified experimentation.  The bill was
killed in committee.  Glenn’s remarks detail why such a bill was needed –
and is still needed.


You just think about your own family, your own
son, your own daughter, or grandchildren who might be, the next time they go to
a doctor, the subject of some medical experiment that they are not even told
about. I do not think there can be many things more un-American than that.


Healthnewsnet has online a
history of secret human experimentation
which gives a timeline of some
major incidents.


is the text of a staff report prepared in 1994 for the Senate Veterans’ Affairs
Committee, on military
human experimentation
(online at the A-albionic site).


Steven Hale created the web pages Resources
on Nonconsensual Human Experimentation
for his English 101 students at
DeKalb College — as well as for others who might want to access them. 
The site contains many useful links organized into categories.


site by Anthony Lalli has informative
essays and other information
related to human subjects protection,
especially federal policy on human subjects research.


is an article from the Penn History Review titled “Retin-A’s
Wrinkled Past
.”  It is by Jonathan Kaye and is from the Spring,
1997 issue.  It discusses experiments on prisoners conducted by
researchers from the University of Pennsylvania.

in Military Affairs

“revolution in military affairs” (RMA) is a term that became popular
in the early 1990s to describe the changes in military tactics, strategies, and
doctrine that follow from (and lead to) the development and deployment of
radically new technologies such as directed-energy weapons.  It also
includes such concepts as “information warfare.”  This page
contains items related to these developments, as well as some general items on
military practices. 

  • In
    the report “The
    Revolution in Military Affairs and Conflict Short of War
    ,” Steven
    Metz and James O. Kievit of the Army War College describe the RMA in a
    cautionary manner.  They envision a “future history” of a
    revolution of techno-authoritarianism, carried out in stages to alter some
    basic values of Americans that might stand in the way.

The advantage of directed energy weapons over
conventional ones [in drug interdiction] is deniability. Against whom is such
deniability aimed? …deniability must be aimed at the American people, who do
not sanction the imprisonment, much less execution, of individuals without a


Parascope has a description of some of the
history of Army PSYOPS (Psychological Operations) in an article “Psywar
Terror Tactics

  • This
    article by Timothy L. Thomas, “The
    Age of the New Persuaders
    ,” is from Military Review,
    May-June 1997. It discusses manipulation, perception management,
    deception, and psychological operations.  The following excerpt
    describes psychological manipulation devices.

psychological– this device turns
personality weaknesses to one’s advantage, or provokes an individual to lose
control. Under the influence of these conditions, the object may make mistakes
which can benefit the manipulator. These methods included: –a statement with
multiple-meanings, which shows the object much is known about him, but for some
special motives is not being revealed; –citing authorities whose opinions
cannot serve as evidence of the subject being discussed; –providing
unsupportable pledges and promises in advance; –creating an atmosphere of
trust, although in reality the manipulator hardly knows the object; –pretense
of unity of thinking and closeness in spiritual values and interests;
–discredit the person influencing the object and interfering with the
manipulator’s achievement of his goal; –offering sympathy and support to the
object under circumstances that eventually can be turned to the manipulator’s
advantage. One can use an object’s vanity and conceit to advantage. This can be
done by flattery and respect, and drawing one’s ally into the conversation
against the object. The ally can offer mockery, insults, and disinterest to
what the object says, and one can then appear to be more reasonable by
disagreeing with the ally and agreeing with the object to gain trust.17

  • Here
    are two articles by Frank Morales which discuss the trend toward the
    militarization of the police, and the increasing involvement of the
    military in domestic police operations.  The first is from Covert
    Action Quarterly
    , Spring-Summer 1999, “The
    Militarization of the Police
    .”  The second is a longer
    version of an article that appeared in CAQ‘s Spring-Summer 2000
    issue.  It is titled “U.S.
    Military Civil Disturbance Planning: The War At Home
    .”  (The
    article is also online at the the
    Cryptome site
    .)  Among other topics, this article discusses the
    increasing circumvention of the Posse
    Comitatus Act
    .  From the second article:

As this and numerous other documents reveal,
U.S. military training in civil disturbance “suppression”, which
targets the American public, is in full operation today. The formulation of
legitimizing doctrine, the training in the “tactics and techniques”
of “civil disturbance suppression”, and the use of
“abusable”, “non-lethal” weaponry, are ongoing, financed by
tax dollars. According to the Pentagon, “US forces deployed to assist
federal and local authorities during times if civil disturbance…will follow
use-of-force policy found in Department of Defense Civil Disturbance Plan-Garden
Plot.” (Joint Chiefs of Staff, Standing Rules of Engagement, Appendix A, 1
October 1994.)


Parascope has the CIA’s
KUBARK interrogation manual


International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has some articles online
dealing with torture.  This article is titled “Torture
and Its Consequences


First, it must be emphasized that merely
“listing methods”, a practice all too often used in the documentation
of torture, is not an efficient way of dealing with the issue. Such listings
cannot convey the real horror of a situation, and tend to separate
“physical methods” from “psychological methods”.

Second, it has to be underlined that visible and apparent lesions
are only part of the story, and may indeed not be the worst part at all. ICRC
delegates are trained to see beyond the mere scars or marks of torture they may
initially see or be shown. “The worst scars are in the mind” (quoted
from Dr. Sten W. jakobsson, Stockholm) [5], and it is much easier for torture
victim to show the wounds on his back than to the about the wounds on the soul.
What could be called the “WYSIWYG” (term meaning “What You See
Is What You Get”) approach to documentation should be avoided at a costs.
Sequelae of torture have been widely documented elsewhere [6,7]. Unfortunately,
many health professionals who work with asylum seekers, for example, have to
produce “physical evidence” to prove that torture has taken place.
Psychological evidence of torture has yet to be accepted in most countries as
valid evidence.

Another informative article at the ICRC site
is “How
visits by the ICRC can help prisoners cope with the effects of traumatic stress

  This Covert Action Quarterly article,
Repression: U.S. Training Manuals Declassified
,” describes some
training and interrogation manuals recently declassified (including the KUBARK

Domestic Spying

This page concerns the long history and
continuing practice of the U.S. government spying on its own citizens.  


American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) now has an Echelon
web site.


Young’s Cryptome
site has links to many items related to cryptography, spying, etc.  It is
updated on an ongoing basis and is worth checking regularly.


Retired intelligence officer Mike Frost worked at Canada’s CSE, their
equivalent of the NSA.  He has recently worked to expose some of the
abuses of the international spying system generically known as ECHELON,
appearing on 60 Minutes and other shows.  In this CBN News story,
Society: A Spy’s Story
,” he describes the system as well as some of
the harassment he has received since working to expose it.


“The pressure is being applied very
subtly,” he says.  “Letters that arrive in an opened condition,
strange things happening to my answering machine when I’m not even in the house
— it becomes unplugged or turned off, or turned on and plugged in, strange
footprints on my carpet, very subtle things. Not that I can go to anyone and
say somebody broke into my home, because there is no sign of forced entry in
any way. Constantly, my friends will say, what’s the matter with your phone;
there’s an echo. So these things are being done just to keep me on my toes a
little bit, and I’m aware of that.”


  It is
commonly believed that the CIA is not allowed to operate domestically within
the United States, i.e., to spy on Americans in the U.S.  This is not the
CIA’s interpretation of the law, however, as indicated in the
CIA’s own Frequently Asked Questions list


…the CIA is restricted in the collection of
intelligence information directed against US citizens. Collection is allowed
only for an authorized intelligence purpose; for example, if there is a reason
to believe that an individual is involved in espionage or

of Psychiatry and Politicized Science

page concerns the abuse of the “healing professions” of psychiatry
and psychology, and the long history of CIA and intelligence involvement in
that community.  It also deals with the manipulation of the scientific and
engineering establishment to suppress knowledge of technological developments
crucial to people’s health, well-being, and even their basic human

Robert Becker is a pioneer in electro-medicine and was twice nominated for the
Nobel Prize.  This is an excerpt from his book Cross Currents
(1990) in which he describes the
to suppress research into and knowledge of nonthermal electromagnetic


is an interview
with Dr. Colin Ross
that is part of the CKLN-FM mind control series. 
He discusses a number of topic regarding mind control, including its relation
to his profession of psychiatry.


It’s a very strange story. It tells us that
there is something going on in our culture and in the mental health field that
is hidden and secret. This is another kind of incest secret in the field of
psychiatry that all of these people who have been running psychiatry in the
latter half of the 20th century are either directly or loosely connected to a
whole huge universe of covert hidden secretly funded mind control research, and
as I emphasized, that’s a fact….

So this really went on, they really used psychics operationally
and they believed in it enough to keep spending millions of dollars on it for
several decades probably.
Now when you read all the
Senate materials from the 1970’s and you read all the existing literature, the
claim of the intelligence community was that all this mind control research was
stopped in 1973 due to Senate oversight and so on. One of the MKULTRA
sub-projects is on the paranormal, esp and using esp for covert operations
purposes. That element of MKULTRA didn’t stop in 1973. We now know from the CIA
itself that it ran on until 1984. So we know for a fact that at least that
element of this mind control research program that was said to have stopped in
1973, continued to 1984. My position is that it is simply implausible that this
stuff isn’t ongoing up to the present….

Ewen Cameron, former Head of the Quebec Psychiatric Association,
the Canadian Psychiatric Association, the American Psychiatric Association, the
World Psychiatric Association – in fact, the founder of the World Psychiatric
Association – and also one-time President of the Association for Biological
Psychiatry. As politically connected a guy as ever existed in the entire field
of psychiatry in the 20th Century, with his obituary in the American Journal of
Psychiatry, funded through MKULTRA and Human Ecology Foundation, did LSD and
other hallucinogen research funded by Canadian military and the CIA and was
successfully sued (he had already died) – the CIA settled out of court

(Ross does not mention that “psychic
research” might be used as a cover for research in electronic and acoustic
techniques, with eager “volunteers.”)  Ross’ talk also has a second


is a PubMed abstract to a German article on Stasi
persecution syndrome
.  It would seem that there should also be a CIA
persecution syndrome or an FBI persecution syndrome, since those organizations
are also known to have covertly harassed individuals with the intention
of inflicting psychological harm.


is an article by Alan Scheflin from Psychiatric Times, November, 1999,
titled, “Ground
Lost: The False Memory/Recovered Memory Therapy Debate

Control and Children

past and present of mind control research involves unspeakable atrocities
committed against citizens.  Perhaps the most hideous of these crimes
involve mind control experiments on children.  Because of the explosive
and disgusting nature of such experiments there is even less information
publicly available about them than about mind control atrocities committed
against adults.  Nonetheless, such experiments are known and documented to
have been conducted. 

“A person who claims to have been a
victim of government mind-control programs is generally not going to be
believed and is going to be considered mentally ill,” said Mr. Scheflin.
“And, indeed, a lot of people suffer from the neurotic delusion that they
were victims of mind control. But not all of them are delusional. Otherwise
there would be no victims. We know there are victims, because we know the
experiments were done.”

…Alan Scheflin believes the full story of government interest in
mind control has yet to be told. “We know beyond any shadow of a doubt
that the CIA and army mind-control programs were much bigger, and much broader
and much more extensive that we have knowledge of at this time.” … Mr.
Scheflin notes that 149 projects involved work with children at juvenile
facilities, but the records disclosed to date do not paint a complete picture.

to this article
from Southam News
, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police spied on
students as young as 13 during the Cold War.  This spying on high school
and university students continued until 1984, when the unit was disbanded.

By the 1970s, the Mounties were worried about
young girls becoming involved in the feminist movement. One police note tells
of several girls gathering to discuss birth control and women’s liberation.

Control in Virginia

page contains references and links related to mind control in Virginia.

Sidney Gottlieb died in March 1999 at the UVA Medical Center.  Here
is an
article from WorldNetDaily
on his death.  Counterpunch also had an
article on his death, “CIA’s
Sidney Gottlieb: Pusher, Assassin & Pimp


Richmond company, Psychotechnologies Corp., holds the American rights to
Russian psycho-correction technology, according to this 1993 Defense
The device was considered for use
against David Koresh in the Waco standoff.

In a series of closed meeting beginning March
17 in suburban Northern Virginia with Dr. Igor Smirnov of the Moscow Medical
Academy, FBI officials were briefed on the Russian’s decade-long research on a
computerized acoustic device allegedly capable of implanting thoughts in a
person’s mind without that person being aware of the source of the thought.

Monroe Institute
is located in Faber, Va.  They do research in
“Hemi-Sync” audio technology, and hold several patents on the
devices.  (This typically involves sending different signals to each ear
with an encoded beat pattern.)

Surveillance Technologies

This page concerns such “standard”
surveillance techniques as pinhole cameras, audio bugs, and through-the-wall
radar.  While such technologies are known by most people to exist at least
from spy stories and such (with a few exceptions such as through-the-wall
radar), many do not realize how available the devices are or how miniaturized
they have become.  Such devices can play an important role in mind control
operations by providing feedback about a targeted person (for example in the
operant conditioning of a person inside his or her home using remotely operated
aversive stimuli).  That is, it is important to consider how such feedback
can be used in combination with the technologies described on other pages of
this site to “close the control loop.”


  The Granite
Island Group Technical Surveillance Counter Measures (TSCM)
site has a
great deal of information on eavesdropping devices, detection (sweeping) techniques,
TEMPEST technology, etc.  The Spy
Tech Agency
has a similar site.


  The Security
site provides Lexis-Nexus
searches on some security-related matters


  This article from Covert Action Quarterly,
Spring 1996, concerns the increasing ability of technology to track and
“profile” the actions of citizens.  It is by David Banisar and
is titled, “Big
Brother Goes High Tech

report, “An
Appraisal of the Technology of Political Control
,” is a working
document (though not an official document) of the European Parliament
Scientific and Technological Options Assessment Programme (STOA).  This
copy is online at the Cryptome site.  It is quite readable, and discusses
recent technological developments applicable to political control.  It
also discusses the potential impact of the technologies on political systems,
their legitimacy, and their level of authoritarianism.

and Trauma Conditioning

This page concerns the conditioning and
controlling of human beings by way of hypnosis and purposely induced
trauma.  It has been well-known to torturers and mind manipulators, since
at least the studies of Korean War prisoners in the 1950s, that inducing
trauma, dependency, sleep deprivation, and guilt can be used to
“turn” some people and alter their beliefs and behavior. 
Hypnosis is another technique which can go far beyond the public perception
that hypnotized people cannot be induced to violate their basic sense of
morality or belief.


site at Parascope, Hypnosis
in Interrogation
, provides an introduction to a CIA document on hypnosis as
well as a link to the document itself.


  This early
MKULTRA document from 1953
discusses experiments to be conducted in
hypnosis.  It is also online at Parascope.  Among other experiments,
research on “hypnotically induced anxieties” was planned, as well as
research in the recall of hypnotically acquired information triggered by
“very specific signals.”


excerpts from a 1971 Science Digest article, “Hypnosis
Comes of Age
” by G.H. Estabrooks, appear at Tom Porter’s site. 
Estabrooks discusses military uses of hypnosis such as creating multiple
personalities in subjects for their use as couriers.

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