by Armen Victorian
On April 22, 1993,
both BBC1 and BBC2 showed on their main evening news bulletins a rather lengthy
piece concerning America’s latest development in weaponry – the non-lethal
weapons concept. David Shukman, BBC Defence Correspondent interviewed (Retired)
U.S. Army Colonel John B. Alexander
and Janet Morris, two of the main proponents of the concept (1). The concept of
non-lethal weapons is not new. Non-lethal weapons have been used by the
intelligence, police and defence establishments in the past (2). Several western
governments have used a variety of non-lethal weapons in a more discreet and
covert manner. It seems that the U.S. government is about to take the first
step towards their open use.
interest in the concept of non-lethal weapons began about a decade ago with
John Alexander. In December 1980 he published an article in the U.S. Army’s
journal, MILITARY REVIEW, “The New Mental Battlefield,” referring to
claims that telepathy could be used to interfere with the brain’s electrical
activity. This caught the attention of senior Army generals who encouraged him
to pursue what they termed “soft option kill” technologies.
from the Army in 1988, Alexander joined the Los Alamos National Laboratories
and began working with Janet Morris,
the Research Director of the U.S. Global Strategy Council (USGSC), chaired by
Dr Ray Cline, former Deputy Director of the CIA (3). I examine the
background of Janet Morris and John Alexander in more detail below.
the USGSC lobbied the main national laboratories, major defence contractors and
industries, retired senior military and intelligence officers. The result was
the creation of a Non-lethality Policy Review Group, led by Major General Chris
S. Adams, USAF (retd.) former Chief of Staff, Strategic Air Command (4). They already have the
support of Senator Sam Nunn, chair of the Senate Armed Services Committee.
According to Janet Morris, the military attaché at the Russian Embassy has
contacted USGSC about the possibility of converting military hardware to a
In 1991 Janet
Morris issued a number of papers giving more detailed information about USGSC’s
concept of non-lethal weapons (5). Shortly after, the U.S.
Army Training and Doctrine Command at Fort Monroe, VA, published a detailed
draft report on the subject titled “Operations Concept for Disabling Measures.”
The report included over twenty projects in which John Alexander is currently
involved at the Los Alamos national Laboratories.
In a memorandum
dated April 10, 1991, titled “Do we need a Non-lethal Defense
initiative?” Paul Wolfwitz, Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, wrote
to Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, “A U.S. lead in non-lethal technologies
will increase our options and reinforce our position in the post-Cold War
world. Our Research and Development efforts must be increased.”
To support their
non-lethal weapons concept, Janet Morris argues that while “war will
always be terrible… a world power deserving its reputation for humane action
should pioneer the principles of non-lethal defense (6).” In “Defining
a non-lethal strategy,” she seeks to establish a doctrine for the use of
non-lethal weapons by the U.S. in crisis “at home or abroad in a life
serving fashion.” She totally disregards the offensive, lethal aspects
inherent in some of the weapons in question, or their misuse, should they
become available to “rogue” nations. Despite her arguments that
non-lethal weapons should serve the U.S.’s interests “at home and abroad
by projecting power without indiscriminately taking lives or destroying
property (7),” she
admits that “casualties cannot be avoided (8).”
of the types of weapons to be used as non-lethal invalidates her assertions
about their non-lethality. According to her white paper, the areas where
non-lethal weapons could be useful are “regional and low intensity
conflict (adventurism, insurgency, ethnic violence, terrorism,
narco-trafficking, domestic crime) (9).” She believes that
“by identifying and requiring a new category of non-lethal weapons,
tactics and strategic planning” the U.S. can reshape its military
capability “to meet the already identifiable threats” that they might
face in a multipolar world “where American interests are globalized and
American presence widespread (10).”
“White Paper” recommends “two types of life-conserving
To destroy or
impair electronics, or in other ways stop mechanical systems from functioning.
Amongst current technologies from which this category of non-lethal weapons
would or could be chosen are:
* Chemical and
biological weapons for their anti-materiel agents “which do not
significantly endanger life or the environment, or anti-personnel agents which
have no permanent effects (11).”
* Laser blinding
systems to incapacitate the electronic sensors, or optics, i.e. light detection
and ranging. Already the Army Infantry School is developing a one-man portable
and operated laser weapons system known as the Infantry Self-Defense System. The
U.S. Army’s Armament Research, Development and Engineer Center (ARDEC), is also
engaged in the development of non-lethal weapons under their program called
“Low Collateral Damage Munitions” (LCDM). The LCDM is trying to
develop technolgies leading to weapons capable of dazzling and incapacitating
missiles, armoured vehicles and personnel.
Electromagnetic Pulse weapons (12). As General Norman
Schwartzkopf has told the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, one such weapons
stationed in space with a wide-area-pulse capacity has the ability to fry enemy
electronics. But what would be the fate of enemy personnel in such a scenario?
In a join project with the Los Alamos National Laboratories and with technical
support from the Army’s Harry Diamond Laboratories, ARDEC are developing High
Power Microwave (HPM) Projectiles. According to ARDEC, the Diamond lab has
already “completed a radio frequency effects analysis on a representative
target set” for (HPM).
* Among the
chemical agents, so-called supercaustics – “Millions of times more caustic
than hydrofluric acid (13)”
– are prime candidates. An artillery round could deliver jellied super-acids
which could destroy the optics of heavily armoured vehicles or tanks, vision
blocks or glass, and “could be used to silently destroy key weapons
On less lethal
aspects the use of net-like entanglements for SEAL teams, or
“stealthy” metal boats with low or no radar signature, “for
night actions, or any seaborne or come-ashore stealthy scenario” are under
consideration (15). More
colourful concepts are the use of chemical metal embrittlement, often called
liquid metal embrittlement and anti-materiel polymers which would be used in
aerosol dispersal systems, spreading chemical adhesives or lubricants (i.e.
Teflon-based lubricants) on enemy equipment from a distance.
* Hand-held lasers
which are meant “to dazzle,” could also cause the eyeball to explode
and to blind the target.
radiators – explosively driven munitions, capable of generating very bright
omni-directional light, with similar effects to laser guns.
microwaves (HPM) – U.S. Special Operations command already has that capability
within their grasp as a portable microwave weapon (16). As Myron L. Wolbarsht,
a Duke University opthalamist and expert in laser weapons stated: “U.S.
Special Forces can quietly cut enemy communications but also can cook internal
candidate is Infrasound – acoustic beams. In conjunction with the Scientific
Applications and Research Associates (SARA) of Huntingdon, California, ARDEC
and Los Alamos laboratories are busy “developing a high power, very low
frequency acoustic beam weapons.” They are also looking into methods of
projecting non-diffracting (i.e. non-penetrating) high frequency acoustic
bullets. ARDEC scientists are also looking into methods of using pulsed
chemical lasers. This class of lasers could project “a hot, high pressure
plasma in the air in front of a target surface, creating a blast wave that will
result in variable but controlled effects on materiel and personnel.”
Alrady some governments have used it as a means of crowd control – e.g. France.
* Very low
frequency (VLF) sound (20-35 KHz), or low-frequency RF modulations can cause
nausea, vomiting and abdominal pains. “Some very low frequency sound
generators, in certain frequency ranges, can cause the disruption of human
organs and, at high power levels, can crumble masonry (18).” The CIA had a
similar program in 1978 called Operation Pique, which included bouncing radio
or microwave signals off the ionosphere to affect mental functions of people in
selected areas, including Eastern European nuclear installations (19).
non-lethal weapon concept opens up a new Pandora’s Box of unknown consequences.
The main personality behind it is retired Colonel John B. Alexander. Born in New York
in 1937, he spent part of his career as a Commander of Green Berets Special
Forces in Vietnam, led Cambodian mercenaries behind enemy lines, and took part
in a number of clandestine programmes, including Phoenix. He currently holds the
post of Director of Non-lethal Programmes in the Los Alamos National
a BaS from the University of Nebraska and an MA from Pepperdine University. In
1980 he was awarded a PhD from Walden University (20) for his thesis “To
determine whether or not significant changes in spirituality occur in persons
who attended a Kubler-Ross life/death transition workshop during the period
June through February 1979.” His dissertation committee was chaired by
He has long been
interested in what used to be regarded as “fringe” areas. In 1971,
while a Captain in the infantry at Schofield Barracks, Honolulu, he was diving
in the Bemini Islands looking for the lost continent of Atlantis. He was an
official representative for the Silva mind control organisation and a lecturer
on Precataclysmic Civilisations (21). Alexander is also a
past President and a Board member of the International Association for Near
Death Studies; and, with his former wife, Jan Northup, he helped Dr C.B. Scott
Jones perform ESP experiments with dolphins (22).
General Albert N. Stubblebine (Former Director of U.S. Army Intelligence and
Security Command) and Alexander are on the board of a “remote
viewing” company called PSI-TECH. The company also employs Major Edward
Dames (ex Defence Intelligence Agency), Major David Morehouse (ex 82nd Airborne
Division), and Ron Blackburn (former microwave scientist and specialist at
Kirkland Air Force Base). PSI-TECH has received several government contracts.
For example, during the Gulf War crisis the Department for Defense asked it to
use remote viewing to locate Saddam’s Scud missiles sites. Last year (1992) the
FBI sought PSI-TECH’s assistance to locate a kidnapped Exxon executive (23).
With Major Richard
Groller and Janet Morris as his co-authors, Alexander published THE WARRIOR’S
EDGE in 1990 (24). The
book describes in detail various unconventional methods which would enable the
practitioner to acquire “human excellence and optimum performance”
and thereby become an invincible warrior (25). The purpose of the
book is “to unlock the door to the extraordinary human potentials inherent
in each of us. To do this, we, like governments around the world , must take a
fresh look at non-traditional methods of affecting reality. We must raise human
consciousness of the potential power of the individual body/mind system – the
power to manipulate reality. We must be willing to retake control of our past,
present, and ultimately, our future (26).”
Alexander is a
friend of Vice President Al Gore Jnr, their relationship dating back to 1983
when Gore was in Alexander’s Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP). NLP
“presented to selected general officers and Senior Executive Service
members (27)” a set
of techniques to modify behaviour patterns (28). Among the first
generals to take the course was the then Lieutenant General Maxwell Thurman,
who later went on to receive his fourth star and become Vice-Chief of Staff at
the Army and Commander Southern Command (29). Among other senior
participants were Tom Downey and Major General Stubblebine, former Director of
the Army Intelligence Security Command.
“In 1983, the
Jedi master (from the Star Wars movie – author) provided an image and a name
for the Jei Project (30).”
Jedi Project’s aim was to seek and “construct teachable models of
behaviorable/physical excellence using unconventional means (31).” According to
Alexander the Jedi Project was to be a follow-up to Neuro-Linguistic
Programming skills. By using the influence of friends such as Major General
Stubblebine, who was then head of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security
Command, he managed to fund Jedi. In reality the concept was old hat, re-christened
by Alexander. The original idea which was to show how “human will power
and human concentration affect performance more than any other single factor (32)” using NLP skills,
was the brainchild of three independent people; Fritz Erikson, a Gestalt
therapist, Virginia Satir, a family therapist and Erick Erickson, a hypnotist.
co-author of THE WARRIOR’S EDGE, is best known as a science fiction writer but
has been a member of the New York Academy of Sciences since 1980 and is a
member of the Association for Electronic Defense. She is also the Research
Director of the U.S. Global Strategy Council (USGSC). She was initiated into
the Japanese art of bioenergetics, Joh-re, the Indonesian brotherhood of Subud,
and graduated from the Silva course in advanced mind control. She has been
conducting remote viewing experiments for fifteen years. She worked on a
research project investigating the effects of mind on probability in computer
systems. Her husband, Robert Morris, is a former judge and a key member of the
American Security Council (33).
In a recent
telephone conversation with the author (34), Janet Morris confirmed
John Alexander’s involvement in mind control and psychotronic projects in the
Los Alamos National Laboratories. Alexander and his team have recently been
working with Dr Igor Smirnov, a psychologist from the Moscow Insitute of
Psychocorrelations. They were invited to the U.S. after Janet Morris’ visit to
Russia in 1991. There she was shown the technique which was pioneered by the
Russian Department of Psycho-Correction at Moscow Medical Academy. The Russians
employ a technique to electronically analyse the human mind in order to
influence it. They input subliminal command messages, using key words
transmitted in “white noise” or music (35). Using an infrasound
very low frequency-type transmission, the acoustic psycho-correction message is
transmitted via bone conduction – ear plugs would not restrict the message. To
do that would require an entire body protection system. According to the
Russians the subliminal messages by-pass the conscious level and are effective
Jones is the
former assistant to Senator Clairborne Pell (Democrat, Rhode Island). Scott
Jones was a member of U.S. Naval Intelligence for 15 years, as well as
Assistant Naval Attache, New Delhi, India, in the 1960s. Jones has briefed the
President’s Scientific Advisory Committee, and has testified before House and
Senate Committees on intelligence matters. After the navy he “worked in
the private sector research and development community involved in the U.S.
government sponsored projects for the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA), Defense
Intelligence Agency (DIA) and U.S. Army Intelligence and Security
Command.” He has been head of the Rockerfeller Foundation for some time
and chairs the American Society for Psychical Research (36).
Alexander and C.B.
Jones are members of the AVIARY, a group of intelligence and Department of
Defense officers and scientists with a brief to discredit any serious research
in the UFO field. Each member of the Aviary bears a bird’s name. Jones is
FALCON, John Alexander is PENGUIN.
One of their
agents; a UFO researcher known as William Moore, who was introduced to John
Alexander at a party in 1987 by Scott Jones, confessed in front of an audience
at a conference held by the MUTUAL UFO NETWORK (MUFON) on July 1, 1989, in Las
Vegas, how he was promised inside information by the senior members of the
AVIARY in return for his obedience and service to them. He participated in the
propagation and dissemination of disinformation fed to him by various members
of the AVIARY. He also confessed how he was instructed to target one particular
individual, an electronics expert, Dr Paul Bennewitz, who had accumulated some
UFO film footage and electronic signals which were taking place in 1980 over
the Menzano Weapons Storage areas, at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. As a
result of Moore’s involvement, coupled with some surreptitious entries and
psychological techniques, Bennewitz ended up in a psychiatric hospital.
Just before the
publication of my first paper unmasking two members of the AVIARY (37) I was visited by two of
their members (MORNING DOVE and HAWK) who had travelled to the U.K. with a
message from the senior ranks advising me not to go ahead with my expose. I
rejected the proposal.
the publication of that paper, and with the full knowledge that myself and a
handful of colleagues knew the true identities of their members, John B.
Alexander confessed that he was indeed a member of the AVIARY, nicknamed
PENGUIN. The accuracy of our information was further confirmed to me by yet
another member of the AVIARY, Ron Pandolphi, PELICAN. Pandolphi is a PhD in
physics and works at the Rocket and Missile section of the Office of the Deputy
Director of Science and Technology, CIA.
In his book, OUT
THERE (38), the NEW YORK
TIMES journalist Howard Blum refers to “a UFO Working Group” within
the Defense Intelligence Agency. Despite DIA’s repeated denials (39), the existence of this
working group has been confirmed to me by more than one member of the group
itself, including an independent source in the Office of Naval Intelligence.
The majority of the group’s members are senior members of the AVIARY: Dr
Christopher Green (BLUEJAY) from the CIA (40), Harold Puthoff (OWL)
ex-NSA; Dr Jack Verona (RAVEN) (DoD, one of the initiators of the DIA’s
Sleeping Beauty project which aimed to achieve battlefield superiority using
mind-altering electromagnetic weaponry); John Alexander (PENGUIN) and Ron
“Col. Harold E. Phillips” who appears in Blum’s OUT THERE is none
other than John B. Alexander.
position as the Program Manager for Contingency Missions of Conventional
Defense Technology, Los Alamos National Laboratories, enabled him to exploit
the Department of Defense’s Project RELIANCE “which encourages a search
for all possible sources of existing and incipient technologies before
developing new technology in-house (41)” to tap into a
wide range of exotic topics, sometimes using defense contractors, e.g. McDonnel
Douglas Aerospce. I have several reports, some of which were compiled before
his departure to the Los Alamos National Laboratories when he was with Army
Intelligence, which show Alexander’s keen interest in any and every exotic
subject – UFOs, ESP, psychotronics, anti-gravity devices, near death
experiments, psychology warfare and non-lethal weaponry.
utilises the bank of information he has accumulated to try to develop
psychotronic, psychological and mind weaponry. He began thinking about
non-lethal weapons a decade ago in his paper “The New Mental
Battlefield.” He seems to want to become a “Master.” If he ever
succeeds in this ambition the rest of us ordinary mortals had better watch out.
1. Letter dated 2
April, 1993, to author from Mrs Victoria Alexander.
2. The U.S. Army
Chemical and Military Police used “Novel Effect Weapons” against the
women protesters at the Greenham Common Base.
3. The United States
Global Strategy Council is an independent think tank, incorporated in 1981. It
focuses on long-range strategic issues. The founding members were Clare Boothe
Luce, General Maxwell Taylor, General Albert Wedemeyer, Dr Ray Cline
(Co-chair), Jeane Kirkpatrick (Co-chair), Morris Leibman, Henry luce III, J.
William Middendorf II, Admiral Thomas H. Moorer USN (retd), General Richard
Stillwell (retd), Dr Michael A. Daniles (President), Dr Dalton A. West
(Executive Vice President). Its Research Directors were Dr Yona Alexander, Dr
Roger Fontaine, Robert L. Katula and Janet Morris.
4. NONLETHALITY: DEVELOPMENT OF A NATIONAL POLICY AND EMPLOYING
NONLETHAL MEANS IN A NEW STATEGIC ERA – a Project of the U.S. Global Strategy
Council, 1991, p.4. Other staff members of the USGSC are Steve Trevino, Dr John
B. Alexander and Chris Morris.
5. The USGSC has
issued a wide variety of papers on the Nonlethal Weapons Concept. For example,
IN SEARCH OF NONLETHAL STRATEGY (Janet Morris); NONLETHALITY: A GLOBAL STRATEGY
– WHITE PAPER; NONLETHALITY BRIEFING SUPPLEMENT No.1; and NONLETHALITY IN THE
6. IN SEARCH OF A
NONLETHAL STRATEGY, Janet Morris, p.1.
7. NONLETHALITY: A
GLOBAL STRATEGY – WHITE PAPER, p.3.
8. IN SEARCH OF…
9. In the recent
cult siege in Waco, Texas, a “nonlethal” technique, projecting
sublimal messages, was used to influence David Kuresh – without effect.
10. NONLETHALITY: A
GLOBAL STRATEGY – WHITE PAPER, p.2.
11. The computer
data base compiled during the CIA/Army’s Project OFTEN, examining several
thousand chemical compounds, during 1976-1973, is a most likely candidate for
any chemical agents for nonlethal weapons.
12. The British MoD
is already developing a “microwave bomb.” Work on the weapon is going
on at the Defence Research Agency at Farnborough, Hampshire. See SUNDAY
TELEGRAPH September 27, 1992, partly reproduced in LOBSTER 24, p.14. The Royal
Navy is already in possession of laser weapons which dazzle aircraft pilots.
The Red Cross has called for them to be banned under the Geneva Convention
because could permanently blind.
13. IN SEARCH OF A
NONLETHAL STRATEGY, p.13.
15. The U.S. Navy,
through its Project SEA SHADOW, has already developed a stealth boat. Like the
Lockheed F117A, stealth fighter, it leaves no radar signature – BBC, Newsround,
April 28, 1993.
conversation with Janet Morris, March 1, 1993.
17. THE WALL STREET
JOURNAL, January 4, 1993.
18. IN SEARCH OF A
NONLETHAL STRATEGY, p. 14.
19. REMOTE CONTROL
TECHNOLOGY, Anna Keeler (FULL DISCLOSURE, Ann Arbor, U.S.A., 1989) p.11.
University, 801 Anchor Road Drive, Naples, Fl. 33904, U.S.A. Walden University
considers itself a non-traditional university and does not offer any
undergraduate courses to its students.
21. Brad Steiger,
MYSTERIES OF SPACE AND TIME (Prentice Hall, Engelwood Cliffs, New Jersey) pp.72
and 3. The U.S. Army Command and General College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas,
issued this on Alexander’s career: “Colonel John B. Alexander, U.S. Army
Retired, manages Antimateriel Technology at Los Alamos National Laboratories,
Los Alamos, New Mexico. His military assignments included; Advanced Systems
Concepts Office, Laboratory Command; manager, Technology Integration Office,
Army Material Command; assistant deputy chief of staff, Technology Planning and
Management, Army Material Command; and chief, Advanced Human Technology,
Intelligence and Security Command.”
22. Taped telephone
conversation with Dr Scott Jones, August 17, 1992.
23. Taped telephone
converstaion with Maj. Edward Dames, June 27, 1992; and THE BULLETIN OF ATOMIC
SCIENTISTS, December 1992, p.6.
24. THE WARRIOR’S
EDGE, Col. John B. Alexander, Maj. Richard Groller and Janet Morris, (William
Morrow Inc., New York, 1990).
25. Ibid. p.9.
26. Ibid. pp.9 and
27. Ibid p.47.
30. Ibid. pp.72 and
31. Ibid. p.12.
32. Ibid. p. 13.
33. The American
Security Council (ASC) Box 8, Boston, Virginia 22713, USA. ASC is militarist,
anti-communist and right-wing. Formed in the mid 1950s, the Council acts as a
right-wing think tank on foreign policy and lobbies for the expansion and
strengthening of U.S. miliary forces. In 1985 the ASC had 330,000 members. See,
for example, the entry for the ASC in THE RADICAL RIGHT: A WORLD DIRECTORY,
compiled by Ciaran O Maolain (Longman, London 1987).
34. Taped telephone
conversation with Janet Morris, March 1, 1993.
35. In 1989 a U.S.
Department of Defense consultant and contractor explained to the author how he
was asked to examine the possibility of devising operational methods of
transmitting subliminal messages through the TV screen.
36. “Will the
Real Scott Jones please stand up?” – unpublished paper by George Hansen
and Robert Durant, February 20, 1990, pp.4 and 5.
Birds” Armen Victorian, in U.K. UFO Magazine, Vol.11 No.3, July/August
1992, pp 4-7.
38. OUT THERE,
Howard Blum (Simon and Schuster, London 1990) pp.44, 46-51, 55-57.
39. DIA’s letters to
author dated July 12, 1991, July 8, 1992 and December 18, 1992.
40. Dr Chistopher
“Kit” Green, BLUEJAY, has admitted that the CIA has compiled over
30,000 files on UFOs, 200 of which are extremely interesting. Green was a key
CIA member in examining the UFO problem for several years.
41. Los Alamos
National Laboratory, Institutional Plan Fiscal Year 1992 – Fiscal Year 1997,