Armenian terrorists killed 31 Turkish envoys since 70s
Majority of attacks on
diplomats carried out by ASALA and JCAG terror organizations
Zuhal Demirci | 23.10.2019
Armenian terror organizations have martyred 31 Turkish
diplomats and family members since the 1970s.
According to data compiled by Anadolu Agency, a total
of 77 people — 58 of them Turkish citizens, including 31 diplomats and members
of their family — lost their lives in attacks carried out by these terror
The vast majority of the attacks were conducted by the
Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA) and the Justice
Commandos of the Armenian Genocide (JCAG).
ASALA, founded in 1975, was the first Armenian
terrorist organization to wage war against Turkey.
It not only targeted Turkey but also other countries
and became infamous for a bomb attack on the Beirut office of the World Council
of Churches in 1975.
The JCAG was formed in 1975 in Beirut. However, it is
nationalistic, not Marxist-Leninist like ASALA.
Claiming that it only received support from the
Armenia diaspora rather than foreign partners, JCAG only targeted Turkey
because it believed that attacking other countries would damage the so-called
It initially gained notoriety by claiming
responsibility with ASALA for an attack on Turkey’s Ambassador in Vienna Danis
Tunaligil on Oct. 22, 1975
Trail of deaths
A total of 77 people were dead — 58 of them Turkish
citizens – in Armenian terror groups attacks and many others were injured,
The first killing of a diplomat and his deputy
occurred on Jan. 27, 1973 when Gurgen Yanikyan, an Armenian, killed Turkey’s
consul general in Los Angeles Mehmet Baydar and his aide Bahadir Demir.
The attack by Yanikyan started a chain of
assassinations against Turkish diplomats and triggered organized Armenian
Among those martyred in attacks by these terror
organizations were Turkey’s Paris Ambassador Ismail Erez in 1975, Vatican
Ambassador Taha Carim in 1977, Sydney Consul-General Sarik Aynak in 1980, Los
Angeles Consul-General Kemal Arikan and Boston Honorary Consul General Orhan
Gunduz in 1982, and Belgrade Ambassador Galip Balkar in 1983.
Attacks against Turkish diplomats declined after 1985
but did not stop.
Turkish Press Attaché Cetin Gorgu and Omer Haluk
Sipahioglu, a counselor at the Turkish Embassy in Athens, were assassinated in
1991 and 1994, respectively.
Others martyred include Caglar Yucel, an
administrative attaché at the Turkish embassy in Baghdad in 1993; security
attaches Nihat Akbas, Bilal Urgen, Adem Cicek, Bulent Kiransal and Suleyman
Karahasanoglu in 2004 in Mosul; Sinan Yilmaz, a police officer at the Turkish
embassy in Mogadishu, Somalia in 2013; and Osman Kose, an officer at Turkey’s
Consulate-General in Erbil, Iraq this year.
Diplomats’ families, drivers also targeted
The wife of Turkey’s Madrid Ambassador Zeki Kuneralp,
Necla Kuneralp, and retired Ambassador Besir Balcioglu in 1978 died in an armed
attack on their embassy vehicle.
Nadide Akbay, wife of Lisbon Administrative Attache
Erkut Akbay, was killed in her car by gunfire. The counselor at the
Turkish embassy in Lisbon, Yurtsev Mihcioglu, and his wife Cahide were killed
in an attack on the embassy
The majority of the attacks on Turkish diplomats were
organized by ASALA and JCAG.
In 1983, ASALA exploded a bomb at Turkish Airlines’
office at Paris Orly Airport. Two of the dead were Turks, four were French, one
was Greek-American and one was Swedish, while 55 people were wounded.
Terrorist attacks declined after strong reactions from
western countries following the airport attack.
Also, those countries that have tolerated — hidden or
openly — Armenian terrorism understood the dangers of the situation when the
attacks began to harm their own citizens. They also felt the necessity of ending
Turkish martyrs, who were killed by terror attacks,
commemorate every year on March 18 Martyrs’ Day with ceremonies in Ankara and
Turkey’s foreign missions.
Their commemoration ceremonies are also held at the
places where they were working on the dates of their martyrdom.
Turkey’s legal battle continues against those
attackers who killed Turkish citizens and haven’t been captured yet.
* Writing by Davut Demircan