following is based on the introduction in the document:

insatiable desire of the Soviet Union for intelligence of an almost
unbelievable scope and nature supplies the basis for this monograph. The
range of intelligence targets in the United States indicated by the
Soviets is, on the one hand, information vital to the security of the
United States and, on the other hand, information of perhaps some domestic
value to the Soviet Union, but not remotely connected with the actual
security of the United States. Between these divergencies we find a large
volume of targets that defy absolute classification in these two categories
due to the lack of information from the Soviets indicating the specific
need to be fulfilled by each target.

study revealed that known or tentatively identified Soviet Intelligence
Service agents operating in the United States were engaged in developing
intelligence regarding specific targets, but were also in most instances,
to a somewhat lesser degree, collecting information identical in nature
and source with individuals or organizations representing the Soviet Union
in other capacities.

review of intelligence target material developed by investigations of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation revealed that regardless of the
means employed to collect intelllgence and regardless of the categorical
topics of these targets, there appeared to be two logical classifications
for consideration. The first classification, which is discussed generally
in Partl, involves the mass collection of intelligence of a wide scope
and/or of a general nature. The magnitude of material collected within
this first classification suggests that the Soviets collect a broad
sampling of our knowledge for possible refinement into specific or primary
intelligence targets.

second logical classification of intelligence targets appears to include
those targets that are refined to specific or primary targets, and in this
way indicates more specific Soviet Intelligence interests in the
United States~ As this phase of the study suggests more of a practical
application to security and counterintelligence investigations, the material
in this classification will be discussed comprehensively in Part II of this
study. It is not the purpose of this monograph to consider
operational techniques of Soviet Intelligence as a subject for study,
except as they apply to the definition of Soviet Intelligence target.

Soviet Intelligence Targets in the United States, 1946-1953

the Document
[72 Pages, 4.2MB]