Northwoods was a series of false flag proposals that originated within the
United States government in 1962, but were rejected by the Kennedy
administration. The proposals called for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA),
or other operatives, to commit perceived acts of terrorism in U.S. cities and
elsewhere. These acts of terrorism were to be blamed on Cuba in order to create
public support for a war against that nation, which had recently become
communist under Fidel Castro. One part of Operation Northwoods was to “develop
a Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities
and even in Washington”.
Northwoods proposals included hijackings and bombings followed by the
introduction of phony evidence that would implicate the Cuban government. It
desired resultant from the execution of this plan would be to place the United
States in the apparent position of suffering defensible grievances from a rash
and irresponsible government of Cuba and to develop an international image of a
Cuban threat to peace in the Western Hemisphere.
other proposals were included within Operation Northwoods, including real or
simulated actions against various U.S. military and civilian targets. The plan
was drafted by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, signed by Chairman Lyman Lemnitzer
and sent to the Secretary of Defense. Although part of the U.S. government’s
Cuban Project anti-communist initiative, Operation Northwoods was never
officially accepted; it was authorized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, but then
rejected by President John F. Kennedy.
to currently released documentation, none of the operations became active under
the auspices of the Operation Northwoods proposals.
will find my search for records regarding Operation Northwoods.
Central Intelligence Agency
Joint Chiefs of Staff
for US Military Intervention in Cuba, 13 March 1962 [ 15 Pages, 2.92MB
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Pages, 25.6MB ] – This, according to the National Archives, is the only
document within their collections that deals with Operation Northwoods.
Special thanks to friend and fellow FOIA requester Michael Best for
obtaining this document and notifying me about it. He graciously
created the searchable PDF for The Black Vault.
(The following document is ARCHIVED, but no longer
relevant. The referenced document in this order form was received, and added
Original response to The Black Vault from NARA [ 7 Pages, 2.9MB