following documents have been released regarding how the military can “help”
during certain civilian disturbances.

Operation Garden Plot

Garden Plot is a general U.S. Army and National Guard plan to respond to major
domestic civil disturbances within the United States. The plan was developed in
response to the civil disorders of the 1960s and is now under the control of
the U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM). It provides Federal military and law
enforcement assistance to local governments during times of major civil

Army Field Manual 3-19.15 Civil Disturbance Operations
, April 2005 [256
Pages, 5.6MB]

Garden Plot
, 27 June 1994 [146 Pages, 2MB]

Support Operations, Department of the Army / United States Marines Corps
July 1993 [129 Pages, 1.3MB] – This manual provides the capstone
doctrine for US Army and US Marine Corps domestic support operations. It
also provides general information to civilian authorities at federal,
state, and local levels involved in planning for and conducting such operations. It
identifies linkages and defines relationships with federal, state, and local

and with other services that have roles and responsibilities in domestic
support operations.

of Defense Civil Disturbance Plan (Operation Garden Plot)
 15 February
1991 [253 Pages, 400k]

Other Related Documents

Special Operations Forces and Civilian Law Enforcement, July 2010 by Dr.
John Alexander
 [123 Pages, 3.7 MB] – John B. Alexander’s
monograph about the convergence of Special Operations Forces (SOF) and civilian
law enforcement activities is timely considering the U.S. Government’s revamped
strategies to promote more capable and effective governments and improve
security in southwest Asia. The strategic concept includes fully resourcing
security training for military and police forces. U.S. strategic objectives
envision two outcomes: a) governments that can provide effective internal
security with limited international support and b) military and police security
forces that can lead the counterinsurgency and counterterrorism fight with
reduced U.S. assistance.

March 10,
2009, Alabama MPs were sent from Ft. Rucker to the streets of Alabama to assist
after a murder spree
 [14 Pages, 479k] – Although not directly related
to Garden Plot, I feel that this set of documents is best suited
here.  Many have theorized this incident was a violation of federal
law.  In a FOIA request to the Army, I was able to obtain all documents
associated with this incident, along with the memorandum of understanding
between Ft. Rucker and the Sheriff’s department of the area.

Support of Civil Authorities, 16 May 2008
[570 Pages, 41.2 MB] – Natural or
man-made disasters and special events can be so demanding that local, tribal,
state and non-military federal responders are temporarily overwhelmed by the
situation. The Department of Defense (DOD) has a long history of supporting
civil authorities in the wake of catastrophic events. When directed by the
President or the Secretary of Defense (SecDef), United States Northern Command
(USNORTHCOM} will respond quickly and effectively to the requests of civil
authorities to save lives prevent human suffering, and mitigate great property
damage. The Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan 2008 (JSCP) directs CDRUSNORTHCOM
to prepare a plan to support the employment of Title 10 DOD forces providing
Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) in accordance with (lAW) the
National Response Framework (NRF), applicable federal law, DOD Directives
(DODD), and other policy guidance including those hazards defined by the
National Planning Scenarios that are not addressed by other JSCP tasked plans.
DSCA is a subset of DOD civil support that is performed within the parameters
of the NRF.

Police Internment / Resettlement Operations, FM 3-19.40
, 1 August
2001 [235 Pages, 16.93 MB] – Army Field Manual FM 3-19.40: Military Police
Internment/Resettlement Operations. Military Handbook for Police Internment and
Resettlement Operations. Field Manual depicts the doctrinal foundation,
principles, and processes that Military Police will employ when dealing with
enemy prisoners of war, civilian internees etc. Provides that the provisions of
the Geneva Conventions are applicable to captives and detainees from the time
they are captured until they are released or repatriated. . . . Detainees
receive humane treatment… captives and detainees are not murdered, mutilated,
tortured, or degraded.”

Disturbances and Demonstrations: To Arrest or Not?
, 28 February
1972 [57 Pages, 7.2MB] – Abstract: The central question is: What
implications do recent mass arrests during civil disorders have for military
forces? The criminal justice system has faltered during disorders with the
result that the guilty were often acquitted and innocent persons were arrested.
Arrests must be accomplished properly or the judicial process which follows
will be adversely affected. Military policy emphasizes that civilian police
should take custody of offenders. This is a proper policy; however, it has
resulted in a paucity of guidance for military personnel to carry out this
mission. The Army should: attach greater importance to the possibility that military
personnel will be required to apprehend civilians; develop detailed procedures
for the military to accomplish this mission; acquaint military personnel with
offenses commonly committed in disorders, their authority to take action, and
the degree of force permissible; train personnel in the care and preservation
of evidence; develop a proper form for use in apprehending offenders; take
photographs of offenders and the soldiers apprehending them; train teams in
advance for mass arrest situation; and revise Army publications to implement
these recommendations.

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