Background


Excerpt from the Foreword of the book:


The
challenges facing our Nation today in its war against terrorism are reminiscent
of the security concerns in the days leading up to World War I. Newspaper
headlines told of large explosions in major metropolitan areas, the
presence of spy cells inside the country, and the capture of foreign
saboteurs crossing our borders. These events would ultimately result in
the establishment of a permanent corps of trained counterintelligence
specialists within America’s Army.


During
peacetime and war, counterintelligence has served to protect the Army’s most
important secrets; its success or failure often spell the difference
between victory and defeat on the battlefield. Highlights include the
outstanding work performed by Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) detachments
in support of our combat forces during World War I and World War II. Later
in the Korean War, the Army turned to the CIC to establish and operate a
very sophisticated, behind-the-lines network of intelligence collectors.
However, counterintelligence’s greatest contribution may have occurred in the
occupation period following World War II. In Germany and Austria,
counterintelligence agents were responsible for the successful
denazification program that gave democracy a chance. In Japan, they served as
the ears and eyes of the occupation authorities to monitor the steps being
taken towards a representative form of government. Agents of the Counter
Intelligence Corps were among the first to define and then confront
the emerging threat posed by communism bent on derailing the progress
toward free societies, and throughout the Cold War, counterintelligence
would remain as the Army’s principal shield against hostile
intelligence services.


The end
of the Cold War did not lessen the need for counterintelligence—in fact, just
the opposite occurred. The increased deployment of US warfighters in
support of regional conflicts posed new challenges in the area of force
protection. The coming of the Information Age meant that for the first
time foreign intelligence and other hostile elements could assess, steal,
and transport a large volume of sensitive material through cyberspace with
little signature or latency. And in the war against global terrorism, counterintelligence
professionals remain engaged 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Today,
counterintelligence is an integral part of the Army’s all-source
intelligence capabilities, helping to analyze huge amounts of raw data
which can be funneled to commanders and law enforcement agencies in near real
time. 


All
facets of counterintelligence have been touched upon, but as a matter of
readability, the book is weighted towards counterespionage. Regardless, it
is still trusted that the reader will gain some appreciation of the total
contribution that counterintelligence has made in support of the Nation and its
Army for over 90 years. It is also a story of individual sacrifice and
dedication by counterintelligence personnel that should continue to foster
esprit de corps among future  generations of military intelligence
professionals.


JOHN F.
KIMMONS


Major General, USA

Commanding

US Army Intelligence and
Security Command


Download the Document



 In
the Shadow of the Sphinx: A History of Army Counterintelligence, Published 2005

[178 Pages, 325.2MB] – This
is a very large .PDF file
– which I recommend to download to
your computer and open locally. This document was released to me via FOIA
Case 3685F-10 filed with INSCOM.

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