Rodham Clinton served as U.S. Secretary of State from January 21, 2009 to
February 1, 2013. The FBI conducted an investigation into allegations that
classified information was improperly stored or transmitted on a personal
e-mail server she used during her tenure.
documents were released, on Friday, September 2, 2016, the start of a holiday
weekend. This is a common characteristic of important or newsworthy (or
damning) document releases from the U.S. Government.
2015, it became publicly known that Hillary Clinton, during her tenure as
United States Secretary of State, had exclusively used her family’s private
email server for official communications, rather than official State
Department email accounts maintained on federal servers. Those official
communications included thousands of emails that would later be marked
classified by the State Department retroactively.
controversy unfolded against the backdrop of Clinton’s 2016 presidential
election campaign and hearings held by the United States House Select Committee
on Benghazi. Some experts, officials, and members of Congress have contended
that her use of private messaging system software and a private server violated
State Department protocols and procedures, as well as federal laws and
regulations governing record keeping. In response, Clinton has said that her
use of personal email was in compliance with federal laws and State Department
regulations, and that former secretaries of state had also maintained personal
email accounts though not their own private email servers.
allegations were raised that some of the emails in question contained
classified information, an investigation was initiated by the Federal Bureau of
Investigation(FBI) regarding how classified information was handled on the
Clinton server. 113 emails contained information which was classified at the
time it was sent including 65 emails deemed “Secret” and 22 deemed “Top
Secret.” Three contained markings indicating they could be classified, although
they lacked classified headers and were only marked with a small “c” in
parentheses, described as “portion markings” by FBI Director James Comey. Comey
also said it was possible Clinton was not “technically sophisticated” enough to
understand what the three classified markings meant. Nearly 2,100 emails on the
server were retroactively marked as classified by the State Department.
Government policy, reiterated in the non-disclosure agreement signed by Clinton
as part of gaining her security clearance, is that sensitive information should
be considered and handled as classified even if not marked as such.
In May 2016, the State Department’s Office of the
Inspector General released an 83-page report about the State Department’s email
practices, including Clinton’s. On July 5, 2016 upon concluding its
investigation, the FBI stated that Clinton was “extremely careless” in handling
her email system but recommended that no charges be filed against Clinton. On
July 6, 2016, Attorney General Loretta Lynch announced that no charges would be
filed. On July 7, the State Department reopened its probe into the email
controversy. (Source: Wikipedia)