This report
includes an analytic assessment drafted and coordinated among The Central
Intelligence Agency (CIA), The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and The
National Security Agency (NSA), which draws on intelligence information
collected and disseminated by those three agencies. It covers the motivation
and scope of Moscow’s intentions regarding US elections and Moscow’s use of
cyber tools and media campaigns to influence US public opinion. The assessment
focuses on activities aimed at the 2016 US presidential election and draws on
our understanding of previous Russian influence operations.

When we use
the term “we” it refers to an assessment by all three agencies.

  • This
    report is a declassified version of a highly classified assessment. This
    document’s conclusions are identical to the highly classified assessment,
    but this document does not include the full supporting information,
    including specific intelligence on key elements of the influence campaign.
    Given the redactions, we made minor edits purely for readability and flow.

We did not
make an assessment of the impact that Russian activities had on the outcome of
the 2016 election. The US Intelligence Community is charged with monitoring and
assessing the intentions, capabilities, and actions of foreign actors; it does
not analyze US political processes or US public opinion.

  • New
    information continues to emerge, providing increased insight into Russian

to “Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections”: The
Analytic Process and Cyber Incident Attribution, 6 January 2017
[25 Pages,

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